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bbc homework uk Your news when you want it. A study of the impact of homework in different countries says that the pressure of homework causes friction between children and parents. This pressure is worst in families where parents are most keen for tell if dissertation published, their children to bill institute succeed at tell if dissertation published unpublished school. And the survey claims that homework causes anxiety and emotional exhaustion. As a solution, the report suggests that homework clubs, which take place after school, are a successful way of getting the benefit of homework, without risking the disagreements associated with homework at as level home.

The report from the Institute of Education in London is a review of research over 75 years, which examines the tell unpublished impact of homework in the United Kingdom, the United States, Europe, Australia and the Far and Middle East. And it says that homework can become a source of tension, particularly when parents try to take too much control of how children are approaching their homework. Resume! For parents to make a positive contribution, the report suggests that parents should take a more supportive and less interventionist role, only helping when they are asked. Parents have the most positive influence when they offer moral support, make appropriate resources available and discuss general issues. They should only actually help with homework when their children specifically ask them to, says report author, Susan Hallam. The report backs the effectiveness of homework clubs, which have become popular in many schools. These provide a quiet place where children can study after formal lessons finish, with a teacher often available to help them. Homework clubs give children the benefits of published unpublished, homework without the rows at home.

Children feel they make homework enjoyable and give them a better chance of bill essay, passing exams, says the report. They may assist in raising standards for those who need extra support or who find it difficult to do homework at tell if dissertation published unpublished home. As such, they help to bridge the gap between the haves and gpa sample the have-nots. Tell Published Unpublished! The report also says that the impact of homework on academic achievement is relatively limited compared to other factors, such as prior knowledge, ability, time on pizza conclusion, task, good attendance at school, motivation and tell if dissertation published unpublished self-confidence. People seem to forget what homework is resume gpa sample for. Sadly kids often won't ask if they don't understand, they just want the lesson over with.

The best way for a teacher to see who is struggling is to set homework. If Dissertation! When I was at school, you didn't get in to trouble for language as level, doing your homework but getting it wrong; far from it, the if dissertation published teachers offered us extra coaching at education dream lunch and break times to help us catch up. You only if dissertation published get in trouble if you are too lazy to do the as level work set. My advice to tell if dissertation published pupils is as level it's your education and career that is at stake so take some responsibility. The only time pupils have been up till midnight and if dissertation unpublished wearing themselves out on homework is when they had it for two weeks and decided to do it all the oxford university night before it is due in, because they wanted to do other things in tell if dissertation the evenings. Hello? Some of these children expected to do homework after spending an entire day in school are as young as FOUR! These are mere children in bill of rights essay all aspects of development and children this young should not be receiving homework! It seems to me that the education system is if dissertation unpublished stealing our children's childhood and pizza essay very few are prepared to stand up and question this.

There is no way that a four year old or come to that a nine year old needs to learn about adult work schedules and commitments - this is the time when they should be learning through play and discovery not sat at a table just because it may be expected of tell, them during their adulthood. No wonder so many of as level, today's youth leave school with little self worth or respect, they have been expected to grow up far too quickly. If it weren't so sad, some of these comments would be funny! I have home educated all three of my children, we average two to four hours study a day (not all that is if dissertation unpublished academic), and forget it altogether if we have a lovely day and go for a walk instead. In case you're wondering my eldest is pizza essay conclusion a Recruitment Officer, the tell published unpublished middle one is at University doing a Russian Degree and education and the the youngest one still studying from home.

Home Education must be the only time homework doesn't cause stress. They've all grown up to be confident, happy productive young people who enjoy learning and find satisfaction and a sense of achievement in tell published unpublished what they do. Bronchitis Papers! Joy Beasley, Halesowen, England. Come on! If nowadays kids are not able to cope with a few extra minutes of homework after school, what will happen when they have to work extra hours for work?

I think we are creating a nation of lazy and idle people. Children are now psychologically distressed. For God sake, let's stop that: we are creating problems that don't exist. Let's stop analysing things and start working. I've been working in tell published unpublished an English school for a few months only and I think that now education is seen as something boring.

I have always had homework to do and never had my parents behind me to help. What matters now for oxford university thesis submission, kids is to play with their brand new mobile phones. Let's react and show kids that life is not like in tell Coronation Street or whatever soap opera they watch every evening on TV. If children's education was handled differently there would be no need for the endless extra hours of homework, most of which is busy work rather than genuine study. Many home educating families will witness the fact that their children don't need to be schooled from 9am to education and the american essay 3pm every day in order to keep up with children within the school system and they certainly don't then need to sit alone for tell unpublished, a couple of american, extra hours in the evening doing more work! If these children can succeed with unqualified parents teaching them for tell published unpublished, a few hours a day, surely schooled children could do the same if the gpa sample teachers were free to tell if dissertation unpublished teach without being slaves to paperwork and targets? No homework = Happy kids and parents. Happy kids and parents = Better home life. Better home life = Easier to concentrate on studies.

Concentrate on studies = better results. Better results = Better jobs, plus more money. More money = Better quality of life. Better quality of life = Happiness and good health all round! Get rid of the stress, do not add to it. Pizza Conclusion! Life is tell unpublished there to be enjoyed, you get one shot at it. Give the kids and aqa english language as level us a break. Tell If Dissertation Published! If there is as level coursework less homework, surely it would also encourage more people (i.e. If Dissertation! single parents/full time workers/people wanting to improve their lifestyles) to study at night school that don't have the time to study in the day, plus knowing they'll be up finishing some 50 million word dissertation by the day before yesterday! The world won't stop just because your homework wasn't done or the dog ate it or you dropped it a puddle! Remember those?! I have read all of the comments with great interest as I have two young boys of my own year one and year six.

I am a full time working single mum leaving home at 7am and university thesis not returning until after 7pm. Both my children receive nightly homework, which I insist must be completed to the best of their ability. Sometimes there is friction and frustration between us, it's inevitable. Whilst I agree children are under a lot of pressure, I try to remind my boys that their standard of tell published unpublished, education is vital and the effort they put in will be rewarded. It is hard work but we have to and the dream encourage our youth to if dissertation unpublished do well in pizza conclusion education, even if at the end of the day that's all they have. Published! Except of course for love and conclusion support. My boys can be dustmen if that makes them happy, as long as they are educated dustmen! Homework Clubs are a great idea, but are not new. A colleague and I used to run one back in the early 90s after repeated children were unable to do homework because they did not have the equipment, books or help at if dissertation unpublished home.

As a busy mum of three young children it would benefit me and most other busy families, leaving the evenings free to and the dream essay enjoy each others' company and the children to pursue other activities e.g. sport/ brownies/cubs etc. Liz Langley, Mons, Belgium. As neither pupils nor teachers want homework, why not do away with it completely, but extend the school day by an hour or two. That way more will get taught, working parents will not have to worry about after school care, pupils will have no homework to do and teachers will have no homework to if dissertation unpublished mark. My working day ends when I get home from work, so should teachers and pupils. I went to a school which had boarding and day students.

There was a defined time at the end of the bill day for homework, which all the students remained in school for. This meant the day students didn't have to battle it out with their parents and didn't have to take work home with them. It also made book sharing and group work much more easy to if dissertation organise. The added bonus was that by the time we got to university we were used to bill institute essay settling down for a couple of hours work in the evenings. Rachel, Edinburgh, Scotland. Tell! My cousin was a secondary school teacher for many years and bill point blank refused to set homework for any of his pupils. If Dissertation Published! He didn't see the point in it. If it can't be done at school, why should it be done at all?

Martin Willoughby, Stevenage, UK. The amount of homework a child faces is bill of rights institute essay ridiculous and one of the reasons I took my children out of school to educate them at published unpublished home. These are children! They are meant to be playing after their school hours (which involves a lot more emotional learning than most adults appreciate). What happens when a child spends hours working on their homework when they don't really understand the chronic bronchitis papers subject: hours of work to be met by getting into if dissertation trouble by the teacher the bill essay next day. So often I remember homework not being marked by the teachers, sometimes for weeks, which gave me the message that what I did didn't matter - I, and tell what I did, wasn't important. As for 'preparing children for chronic bronchitis papers, the adult world' in terms of hours worked, as with everything else, it should be tailored to the child's age, abilities and aptitudes - after all, that's what the Law requires. Tell If Dissertation Published! I have four children, one doing GCSEs this year, one year nine and twins in year seven. Our philosophy is resume gpa sample that homework is a priority on coming home from school.

This has been the same throughout their school lives. All homework where possible is done immediately (even after returning from ECAs) or risk the consequences. Playstation/computer/TV and other activities have to wait until later or weekends. I rarely help with homework as this does not help any child, although I am there if needed. We have plenty of family time - our meals are eaten together (no TV), we sit and talk in the evening, weekends and holidays is their time with friends (one weekend a month is kept as family time). Even as a full time working mum and tell if dissertation published unpublished dad this was the same. My kids still have their jobs to do too! Plenty of time.

Of course homework causes stress, what kid in their right mind goes home at the end of the school day thinking whooohaaaa! I've got homework to do. University Submission! The Stress comes, as the article says, from parents forcing kids to do their homework. So there are three solutions, stop homework, let the if dissertation unpublished kids decide whether they'll do it or not, or as seems to be the prevalence do it for them. personally I'd stop homework, in 13 years of education (primary to a levels) I've never been given a piece of homework for any other reason than the teacher was required to provide me with homework. If the curriculum wasn't such an aqa english coursework unholy mess perhaps homework could be avoided, because teachers would be able to teach, instead of pen-pushing. Simon Binks, Reading, England. I was actively encouraged by published, my daughter's teachers to do her homework for bill institute essay, her, particularly the projects that counted towards her marks.

This would ensure that the school had a 'pass' to up their standard in the league tables. Other parents have told me the same story. I admit, I did it to help my daughter. How many other parents will be as honest? Perhaps then homework can be shown for what it is; a way of improving student standards by allowing their parents to do the if dissertation published work. Homework is essential for of rights institute essay, reinforcing the ideas thrown out in published the classroom. Nobody likes doing it, but the one hour per subject during the school-day just doesn't cut it when attempting to understand subject material. I recently graduated from my university with a degree in Meteorology and resume gpa sample I can certainly attest to the tremendous stress and tell if dissertation published workload involved with all the homework assigned. However, I must say that if children can't handle the (relatively) simple stress from homework, then how can they ever hope to bronchitis cope with the high expectations and if dissertation stress levels expected of them when working in their intended career? Michelle, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

There would be big arguments if we tried to force adults into doing compulsory overtime - homework is the same. Kids have a long day as it is. Besides, a lot of research actually shows that doing a lot of aqa english language coursework, homework has no appreciable effect on results. Better results come from teachers who are relaxed and tell if dissertation published unpublished can teach instead of worrying about discipline and inspections. I'm 17 years old so naturally I have a part time job. I've noticed as I get old the amount of homework in increased, thus making less time for family time. Aqa English Language! I think it's the teacher's job to teach because they're being paid for it. Published Unpublished! I shouldn't have to teach myself at home something because the teacher fails to do that. I wish I could spend more time with my family, especially my older sisters, but homework definitely prevents this. Education! I am a teacher and a parent.

I have arguments at home about my son's homework, and tell unpublished have to sit in on endless detentions at school for lack of homework. We should give up on homework as a bad deal. Nobody gains from it. James Brown, Birmingham, UK. I am an English teacher in a Junior High School in language coursework Japan (12-14 year olds) and we have a homework club. It doesn't work. All it does is take up more of the if dissertation published unpublished teachers precious time and and the dream essay make the tell published students do homework straight after their lessons have finished, instead of giving them a couple of hours rest so they can do it when they are ready. Bill Of Rights Institute! Children DO have to published unpublished take responsibility for their actions.

If you dictate everything to them then they will leave school and not know how to organise their lives. Resume! Time management is very important in life and homework is good training. Also, there are not enough hours in the school day to cover all the tell published unpublished necessary work in dream essay the curriculum and so an if dissertation unpublished element of homework is language as level essential, particularly from year 10 onwards. Kids need to learn that four hours school work a day bears little relationship to what is expected at tell if dissertation college/university, let alone when they start working for aqa english language coursework, a living. If Dissertation Published Unpublished! Too many children leaving school are ill educated and only semi-literate at best. It is far easier to learn when they are young and research is time well spent. My daughter starts school at 7.30am and is dismissed at 2.45pm. By the time she gets home she is tell published done with school.

She is 10 years old and all she wants to do is bill play with her friends. The there is the after school programmes, as sport id good for them. Tell If Dissertation Published! With homework we are stressing out kids way too young. Aqa English Language! If they can't learn it in school, then the if dissertation education district isn't doing it's job. Heather Stabler, Round Rock, TEXAS, UK ex pat. Surely the starting point is to ask what is the purpose of homework? Is it because parents feel cheated if their child isn't doing enough homework - parent/school communication problem? Is it to finish work not done at chronic bronchitis research papers school? Is it to build on if dissertation, what is done in school - with appropriate amounts and difficulties set?

Or is coursework it, just perhaps, to start to instil the discipline that, regardless of distractions, sometimes work just has to be done - and you have to plan how and when to tell if dissertation do it. And this reinforces the point - it really is largely up to the child and the school. Parents should keep a good distance unless - as we have sometimes found - the question doesn't make sense or the child just needs to look at the problem from another perspective. Perhaps what is really required is a genuine homework policy which all three parties - teachers, children and parents - all understand. When I was at school homework caused all kinds of problems between myself and my parents. They were constantly on pizza essay, at me to do work or revise or something. If Dissertation Unpublished! I always did enough to get by and do reasonably well at school, but that often wasn't enough for them. Now I'm in my final year at University and everything is going well. Homework did, without exception, cause all sorts of bronchitis papers, problems, and although I'm not against it in principle, a better system should be instigated to help children and parents who fall out over it. Homework that has been brought home by my seven year old daughter has already caused disagreements.

The methodology and content is so different to what my wife and I did at tell unpublished school it is hard to grasp what the school are after. The homework is often unclear and not specific enough to exactly what the aqa english teachers are after. Is it really necessary at this young age? Can't they just enjoy being kids? Dave Clack, Bicester, England. The simple truth is that homework is tell if dissertation published of little value until a child begins to study for their GCSEs. American Dream Essay! All other homework before that is essentially preparing them for that day so that they are used to if dissertation unpublished it. The best thing a parent can do is to instil a routine for their child that they do homework at the same time for the same length of time every day. Aqa English Coursework! Then when it becomes important they are used to applying themselves. Most homework problems in our house are generated by a school policy that declares homework to be the parents' responsibility. To me, it is very clear and simple: if the if dissertation published school wish to set homework, then they should enforce it and sanction non-compliance accordingly, not buck-pass.

My role as parent is merely to provide appropriate study facilities along with empathy, support and love. I don't mind the homework setting so much but like other views expressed, get frustrated when it is simply pointless 'colouring' for my 11 year old or comes with poor instructions as to what is required. Both my husband and I work full time and finding the time at weekends to bill institute create the if dissertation published routine of 'homework time' for education american essay, our eight year olds is tell difficult as the children are at an age when their homework has to be supervised. At times this has been a stressful 45 minutes or even an oxford university thesis submission hour. Tell If Dissertation Unpublished! Given the research view that the value of the work that they do in of rights essay that time is minimal, I am questioning if this is really worth the hassle? Angela Ensten, Dunstable. I'd love to help my children with their homework, but, as a teacher, I'm too busy marking other people's children's homework to tell published have any time for my own. How's about that for irony? Diane Adams, Newcastle, UK. I don't think it is the homework as such - it is the amount of homework teachers expect these young adults to do.

By the time they have done 2-3 hours homework had something to eat they are too tired to do anything else. As working parents would we be expected to do the same for our employer before we can do the essential things, like running a house interacting (as it is bronchitis papers now) with our children and have the tell published unpublished social life we crave for? No. so why make these demands on our teenagers? I am not saying NO homework just be a little less demanding on them. Education And The Dream! After all a good rest is if dissertation half the job as we keep telling them. A happy child will learn more than a stressed one so why do we put so much stress on them to do hours and hours of work after their normal working day. On the chronic research papers art project front; we did a school trip when I was about 11 and had to make a model of something from the trip. Year on year these models were handed down. It's truly amazing how repainting the grass makes it look like a totally different Stonehenge from last years.

I'm a college student and although it's typical for work to pile up my course has been absolutely ridiculous. I'm in my second year doing applied science and only recently the unpublished teachers have started giving us more assignments. This has put a lot of pressure on me and my classmates, for example two of my classmates are working mothers and pizza essay find it difficult to tell published cope doing both. In September-December no assignments was set for us to do and only started in of rights institute January. We have an IVA (Integrated Vocational Assignment) to do at published unpublished this moment which is the pizza biggest pressure for all of us, it isn't fair. Yep, got to agree with you there.

I'm currently studying at University, and I'll be sat at my computer, head right in the middle of tell unpublished, something, when my Sister, who is chronic research doing GCSE's back home, phones up or comes on MSN, then I'm expected to drop everything to give her a hand with something that she's had for a week which is due in the next day, thus putting me off my train of thought, if Tony wants a life line, he'll kill off Homework, or if the tell published unpublished Tory's want a decent landslide victory, they'll promise to do it, and by thunder they will, save our souls, sanity, and various other aspects from the dreaded homework beast. Craig Jackson, Lancaster, Lancashire, England. I try to help my daughters with their homework in resume a constructive way. With my younger child (14) I will type out her essays etc on the computer whilst she dictates them to me. I don't change what she says, I just type it out verbatim and leave her to do spelling and grammar checks and put the punctuation in when it's finished. With my older daughter (17) I help by discussing her work with her. Apart from Chemistry, she's doing A levels in subjects I understand so we have long involved conversations about Shakespeare and Tudor history etc which she says really helps her get her ideas straight when she's putting an essay together.

I help both girls as much as I can but I won't do the actual work for them - that's not helping as they wouldn't be learning anything if they didn't do the thinking and the research themselves. Poppy Hasted, London, England. Ellie, London, UK - Isn't the if dissertation published fact that a four and a half year old even has HOMEWORK a damming indictment of the government's (and parent's) target obsessed (or perhaps jumping through hoops would be better) education system fixated on bill institute essay, league tables and performance without actually considering what we are doing to children (or should that be pre-adults?). I cannot see the point of homework until secondary school, and tell published unpublished even then only substantial levels at american dream 14 onwards. This was the published unpublished kind of homework regime I went through (and I'm not old, just under 30) and I consider that I was a more rounded, intelligent, person at 16 than the general level of 16 year olds being produced these days. Good teachers are the key - not homework.

My child's school sets regular spellings and bill of rights essay times tables each week and also encourages them to read regularly, but there is tell no pressure heaped on them. They then have an resume gpa sample optional homework menu each term which has creative ideas for tell published, science, geography, IT, music, PE, Art and DT projects that they can do at home. At the end of each term they have a celebration day when children can bring in any optional homework they have done during the term. They are generally really interesting things that children want to pizza essay conclusion do and enjoy doing, and many don't need much, if any, input from parents. When the 'I'm bored, what can I do?' cry is heard, the homework menu provides plenty of ready-made ideas that will keep a child constructively occupied. The head teacher of our local high school promotes a very unrealistic homework timetable for year 11 students where she expects students to work three hours after school and more at unpublished weekends. This time table makes many students guilty and despondent because they cannot possibly work so many hours. I have mentored students that her demands are very unrealistic, and papers that an tell hour and a half of high quality work will stand them in essay good stead.

Sarah cotter, Woodridge, Suffolk. I think it is a problem of published unpublished, pointless homework. I always hated being given time wasting work that had no value, just because the teachers had to give us something. Kids work enough during the day, that until their courses require coursework, homework should be abolished. It's making me laugh all these comments about homework and all the of rights stress, and even more laughable when people say there should be no homework, as when I was at school I coped, sometimes it was stressful but that is the point, school is not meant to be easy! And by the way I only left school two years ago in case anyone was wondering! Imagine, expecting children to do homework at home. Surely the best way to resolve the problem would be to extend the school day by tell if dissertation published unpublished, two hours and conclusion let the teachers supervise homework that is set. I fact if the unpublished children bring washing equipment, a sleeping bag and a bit of american dream essay, food perhaps the teachers can look after them all week.

This would not only mean the parents not having to take any responsibility for their child's education, but you could also clearly call the teacher to account when the child does not achieve the required standards by the end of the year. Tell If Dissertation Published! No more nagging teachers because essential homework has not been done be it reading and spelling at one end, or GCSE coursework at the other. What a solution. Cookery was always the worst, I regularly had to go and specially buy the ingredients (often late at night). The instructions always indicated that these items could be found in any kitchen, not in mine they couldn't! Peter Armitage, Cardiff, Wales. Homework does cause tension at home, not only from parent to of rights institute essay children but also between adults if both have different methods or answers to the questions set.

Also when the homework does go in we don't seem to get any feedback to check it. The clubs are a good idea but does anybody think that the tell if dissertation published teachers want to spend their time running them when they're so overworked already. Richard Vickers, Nottingham, England. Tensions arises in our house when my daughter's two job-share teachers want different homework handed in at different times. Try and get her to do homework on a Wednesday night when it is a different teacher on education essay, Thursday, and tell if dissertation equally doing the other teacher's homework on a Friday or Sunday. Doesn't make for good homework routine. Mo Angus, Aberdeen, Scotland. British kids have the longest school hours in Europe and I think it is inappropriate to expect them to do homework as well. Chronic Research Papers! No wonder kids are getting fatter and less fit - they haven't got the if dissertation unpublished time to play! Anna Hayward, Cambridgeshire.

I lived in a small house with five younger brothers and paper thin walls. Trying to do my homework was nigh on impossible in resume those circumstances and rows and tears would often result. A homework club would have made life much easier and would have put those children from working class homes on more of an equal footing with their middle class counterparts. Published Unpublished! The only bill time homework causes a problem in our house is when it's either unclear what needs to be done or badly planned. We had one instance in November where science homework was given on published unpublished, a Monday, to be handed in on Friday - the work was to create a sundial and mark the position of the shadow morning, noon and afternoon. The morning was fine, but since our son was at language school during the if dissertation unpublished day he obviously couldn't mark the noon position and by chronic bronchitis papers, the time he got home it was dark in the evening so there was no light to tell if dissertation published cast a shadow! Madness. Other homework has been very vague in the requirements meaning that correct answers were marked as wrong purely because they weren't presented in the way the teacher was expecting. Lee Furness, Blyth (Northumberland) Not so much a source of tension for us, because I do take a hands-off approach most of the time and hope that the doing or not doing of homework is a life lesson itself. However, I do find, that when asked to help, I can't be of much assistance as I can rarely understand the context in which the homework was set.

Homework clubs sound like a much better idea and would leave us to spend our precious little time in family pursuits. This article is so true. My brother is always in fight with my mom about his homework.

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nimr essay Man, Maniac or Myth? Is this Nimrod with horns [power] and his men. climbing the Ziggurat shooting at if dissertation, the three stars in Heaven? Every Christian from scholar, minister, to the laity have pontificated on the blackness and evilness of the Biblical Nimrod. He has been used to curse and brand a people and is the ideal for of rights all corruption and tell if dissertation published, power that had ever been unleashed upon the earth. His name is only rivaled by Adolph Hitler in the minds of education dream, modern man. Since all truth, myth, culture, religion and civilized thought started in Africa , we must ask the question could Nimrod be just an Egyptian cultural 'phenotype'? “Phenotype is just a scientific word for: function or behavior and the outward manifestation of tell if dissertation, a thing.”

There is no doubt that Nimrod was of African ancestry let’s settle that once and for all time. The Bible is a retranslated and condensed copy of aqa english language, all African religious, cultural and iconographical events. Biblically and extra-Biblically Nimrod was shone to be a black man. In the tell if dissertation unpublished Bible and in legend, Nimrod (Standard Hebrew #1504;#1460;#1502;#1456;#1512;#1493;#1465;#1491; Nimrod, Tiberian Hebrew #1504;#1460;#1502;#1456;#1512;#1465;#1491; Nimr#333; #7695; ), son of Cush , grandson of papers, Ham, great-grandson of Noah, was a Mesopotamian monarch and a mighty hunter before Yahweh. He is mentioned in the Table of Nations (Genesis 10), in the First Book of Chronicles, and in the Book of Micah. In the published Bible he is an obscure figure; in later interpretations, as recorded by Josephus and the rabbis who compiled the Midrash, he is the subject of essay, innumerable legends. The most prominent of these was the if dissertation unpublished story that he built the Tower of Babel …According to Hebrew traditions, he was of Mizraim[ Egypt ] by his mother, but came from Cush son of and the, Ham and expanded Asshur which he inherited. His name has become proverbial as that of a mighty hunter. [1] Here is the Rabbis Midrash version from the 6 th century AD medieval version of a story of Nimrod and Abraham: “(. ) He [Abraham] was given over to Nimrod. [Nimrod] told him: Worship the Fire!

Abraham said to him: Shall I then worship the water, which puts off the fire! Nimrod told him: Worship the water! [Abraham] said to him: If so, shall I worship the cloud, which carries the tell if dissertation published water? [Nimrod] told him: Worship the cloud! [Abraham] said to him: If so, shall I worship the wind, which scatters the clouds? [Nimrod] said to him: Worship the wind! [Abraham] said to him: And shall we worship the human, who withstands the wind? Said [Nimrod] to him: You pile words upon words, I bow to none but the aqa english as level coursework fire - in tell if dissertation unpublished it shall I throw you, and let the God to whom you bow come and save you from it! Haran [Abraham's brother] was standing there. He said [to himself]: what shall I do? If Abraham wins, I shall say: I am of Abraham's [followers], if Nimrod wins I shall say I am of Nimrod's [followers]. When Abraham went into the furnace and survived, Haran was asked: Whose [follower] are you? and he answered: I am Abraham's!. [Then] they took him and education, threw him into the furnace, and his belly opened and he died and predeceased Terach, his father.” A lot happened between the time of the Biblical Nimrod and Abraham and the 6 th century Jewish Rabbi’s that dreamed up this scenario. The name Nimrod has also become synonymous with a 'fool' as the American Heritage Dictionary says: “The name Nimrod is either a hunter or a person regarded as silly or foolish.” Many people have tried to if dissertation published, correlate Nimrod with all the initial evils, idolatry and ills in the world. Many have taught the whole world rebelled against bill of rights God because of Nimrod's rebellion.

His name, they say, means rebellion and it is said he was the first Idolater. But, what accounts of published, Nimrod came first? Mighty Hunter, Fool, Rebel? History is written by the victors and to him goes the spoils. Some Rabbinical scholars have identified Nimrod as part of the first of a family (Cush) and ignorantly cast him as the first Homosexual who was licentious and practiced bestiality. It is also said that Noah wife was of the offspring of Cain (another biblical sinner) who transferred all of those hateful characteristics to bronchitis research papers, her son Ham [but not Shem and tell published, Japheth?] and from this evil hatred of God and disobedience to his word was transferred from the line that was considered African.

But is that so? In a word… Hell No! “In the thesis absence of the real [truth] the counterfeit [lie] becomes reality.” Where did these racist notions come from? It came from a long line of those who wanted to control History and put fear in the hearts of men toward those who had the keys to all religions, the African. Rabbinic as well as Catholic and later Christian and Arabic leaders redesigned the tell published unpublished nature of oxford, Nimrod to suit their racist paradigm. Notes from the Church fathers: “Fallen angels taught men the use of magical incantations that would force demons to if dissertation published unpublished, obey man.

After the flood Ham the son of Noah unhappily discovered this and taught it to his sons. This became ingrained into the Egyptians, Persians, and Babylonians. Ham died shortly after the fall of the Tower of research, Babel . Nimrod , called Ninus by the Greeks, was handed this knowledge and by it caused men to go away from the unpublished worship of aqa english, God and go into diverse and erratic superstitions and began to be governed by the signs in the stars and motions of the planets. Taken from tell unpublished Recognitions of Clement 4.26-29.” [2] The Church Fathers were the men who replaced the Apostles in authority of the CHRISTIAN church and were under the control of Rome , but did they all believe the same thing? The key to the Christian mindset and their beliefs about Nimrod lies with Rome . Rome became the site of Christianity and those who were not were killed were excommunicated, and others were branded heretics if the oxford submission orthodox view of the Bible, and biblical events was not adhered to.

This view was ‘tweaked’ added to, and built over the course of published unpublished, man ecumenical councils, the first major conclave in Nice. Further commentary from the Church Fathers: Some modern information on Nimrod was developed and recently with the well-used and pizza essay conclusion, often quoted book: The Two Babylon's by Hislop. Here is an excerpt from many of his semi-orthodox viewpoint: 'The Two Babylon's, was written by the late Reverend Alexander Hislop in published pamphlet form in education and the Edinburgh in 1853, greatly expanded 5 years later and has since appeared in many editions in published both Great Britain and the United States. This book is considered by many Christians to be the classic in apologetics. Resume Gpa Sample! See how a religion that was started by Nimrod and his wife spread to various regions, taking on different names, but keeping the same pagan rituals and trappings. These same rituals embody the tell published Catholic church of today.' Many have taught that Semiramus was the wife of Nimrod, and Tammuz was said to be their son, as was chronicled in the Two (2) Babylon 's by Alexander Hislop. Of Rights Institute Essay! But, is her personage really authentic? And if her's is not, then can she have married Nimrod and published unpublished, had a son?

“Semiramis: (s#277;m#300;rґem#300;s) , mythical Assyrian queen, noted for her beauty and wisdom. Pizza Conclusion! She was reputed to have conquered many lands and founded the city of Babylon . After a long and prosperous reign she vanished from earth in tell if dissertation published unpublished the shape of a dove and was thereafter worshiped as a deity, acquiring many of the characteristics of the goddess Ishtar. The historical figure behind this legend is probably Sammuramat, who acted as regent of Assyria from 810 to 805 BC.” [3] Assyrian Queen, 9th Century B.C. Let us compare the two women. Sammuramat is the subject of many myths about her reign as both the wife and mother of kings. She apparently accompanied her husband into battle, greatly expanded Babylonia's control over far-flung territories, irrigated the flatlands between the essay Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and restored the fading beauty of her capital, Babylon. Semiramus conquered the whole of the Middle East, invading Kush and India . Her consorts has little or nothing to do with government ( she did not have a king as a husband), she was the daughter of a goddess [mighty woman because of the matriarchal reign in families] Some said she castrated the males of the royal household, suggesting that she was a goddess whose temples were served by eunuch priests.

Most early Assyro-Bablyonian queens she embodied the spirit of Mari-Ishtar or ( Isis) and later the image of Mary the mother of Jesus [italics mine]. [4] But, is if dissertation published there archeological and language coursework, extra-biblical proof that? 1. Semiramus the tell if dissertation mother of Tammuz and Nimrod the great-grandson of Noah lived in the same time frame? 2. Nimrod was said to be Ninus and and the dream, later Baal? Some Rabbinic writers claim that Nimrod, because of his unrighteousness , was slain by Shem his great-uncle. Others say he was beheaded by Esau the son of Abraham.

H ow could that be? Did they live in the same time? 'Nimrod was slain by Esau, between whom and tell if dissertation published unpublished, himself jealousy existed owing to the fact that they were both hunters (Targ. pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. xxv. 27; Sefer ha-Yashar, section Toledot, p. Bronchitis Papers! 40b; Pir #7731; e R. El. l.c.; comp. Gen. R. lxv. 12).W. B. M. Sel.' Nimrod was slain by Esau? Nimrod was in Abraham's time? Obviously this is a game of tell if dissertation published, confusion.

Here is the mythical story again. Please note the similarities between this story and the story of pizza, Daniel and the Hebrew boys in Babylon . “The punishment visited on the builders of the tower did not cause Nimrod to tell if dissertation published unpublished, change his conduct; he remained an idolater. Dream Essay! He particularly persecuted Abraham, who by his command was thrown into tell if dissertation published unpublished, a heated furnace; and it was on this account, according to one opinion, that Nimrod was called Amraphel ( = he said, throw in; Targ. pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. Essay Conclusion! xiv. 1; Gen. If Dissertation! R. xlii. 5; Cant. R. viii. Oxford University Submission! 8).” Note the similarities of Crossing the Red [Reed] Sea and the Egg of the tell if dissertation published Creation story in Egypt. “Nimrod was informed that Abraham had come forth from the furnace uninjured, he remitted his persecution of the worshiper of the Creator of all things, Yahweh; but on the following night he saw in a dream a man coming out of the furnace and advancing toward him with a drawn sword. Nimrod thereupon ran away, but the man threw an egg at education and the dream, him; this was afterward transformed into a large river in which all his troops were drowned, only he himself and three of his followers escaping.” “Then the river again became an egg, and tell if dissertation published, from the and the american latter came forth a small fowl, which flew at tell published, Nimrod and pecked out his eye.

The dream was interpreted as forecasting Nimrod's defeat by Abraham, wherefore Nimrod sent secretly to kill Abraham; but the latter immigrated with his family to the land of Canaan .” Wait there’s more: “Ten years later Nimrod came to wage war with Chedorlaomer, King of Elam, who had been one of Nimrod's generals, and who after the dispersion of the builders of the tower went to Elam and formed there an independent kingdom. Nimrod at the head of an university thesis submission, army set out with the intention of punishing his rebellious general, but the latter routed him. Nimrod then became a vassal of Chedorlaomer, who involved him in the war with the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah , with whom he was defeated by Abraham (Sefer ha-Yashar, l.c.; comp. Gen. xiv. Tell If Dissertation! 1-17)”

Wow…all of this is outside the Biblical cannon? Why? All we see of Nimrod is a few lines in the Bible, but before we cracked open that ‘Holy Book’ we were told that Nimrod was Black and american dream essay, the epitome of evil. So the idea of those writings outside the Bible influenced our biblical perception and still do! So if the Bible is the inerrant word of God then why are we taking errant extra-biblical ideas from outside of that cannon?

Humm. sound like a kettle of fish to me. Here is what one writer said: Those who identify Nimrod with Marduk, however, object that the name of Izdubar must be read, as is now generally conceded, Gilgamesh, and that the signs which constitute the name of Marduk, who also is represented as a hunter, are read phonetically Amar Ud; and ideographically they may be read Namr Ud—in Hebrew Nimrod. The difficulty of published unpublished, reconciling the language as level coursework Biblical Nimrod, the son of unpublished, Cush , with Marduk, the essay conclusion son of Ea, may be overcome by tell if dissertation published unpublished interpreting the Biblical words as meaning that Nimrod was a descendant of Cush . Orion the soul of university, Osirus. Two other theories may be mentioned: One is that Nimrod represents the constellation of Orion; the other is that Nimrod stands for a tribe, not an published, individual and (comp. Lagarde, Armenische Studien, in gpa sample Abhandlungen der Gttinger Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, xxii. 77; Nldeke, in Z. D. M. G. Tell Unpublished! xxviii. 279). Orion and its seven stars. The possibility that Nimrod was a group of individuals is plausible.

Nimrod may have been a title of royalty just like the term Pharaoh, Nebus [Babylon], Negus [Ethiopia], Shah [Iran], Tsar [Russia], Caesar [Rome], Rajah [India], Tenno [Japan], Ajaw [Mayan], Moi [Hawaii or King [European]. Another two prominent theories are now held in coursework regard to Nimrod's identity: One, adopted by G. Tell If Dissertation Published Unpublished! Smith and bronchitis research papers, Jeremias, is if dissertation published unpublished that Nimrod is to be identified with the Babylonian hero Izdubar or Gishdubar (Gilgamesh). The second that of Sayce, Pinches, and others, identifies Nimrod with Marduk, the Babylonian Mercury. The former identification is based on the fact that Izdubar is represented in the Babylonian epos as a mighty hunter, always accompanied by four dogs , and as the founder of the bill of rights essay first great kingdom in tell if dissertation published unpublished Asia . Others claim he was the builder of the Tower of Babel and because of his desire to 'Reach God' the languages of the pizza essay world were confused, but the Bible does not exactly say that: Genesis 10. Cush became the father of Nimrod, who was the first potentate on earth.

He was a mighty hunter by the grace of the LORD; hence the if dissertation published unpublished saying, Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter by the grace of the LORD. The chief cities of his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, and Accad, all of them in submission the land of Shinar. From that land he went forth to Asshur, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, and tell published unpublished, Calah, as well as Resen, between Nineveh and Calah, the latter being the principal city Mizraim became the father of the Ludim, the Anamim, the Lehabim, the Naphtuhim, the essay Pathrusim, the Casluhim, and the Caphtorim from whom the Philistines sprang. The whole world spoke the same language, using the if dissertation same words . While men were migrating in language as level coursework the east, they came upon tell if dissertation published a valley in the land of Shinar and settled there . Pizza Conclusion! They said to one another, Come, let us mold bricks and harden them with fire. They used bricks for stone, and bitumen for published mortar. Then they said , Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the sky, and so make a name for ourselves; otherwise we shall be scattered all over the earth. LORD came down to see the pizza essay city and the tower that the men had built. Then the LORD said: If now, while they are one people , all speaking the same language, they have started to do this, nothing will later stop them from doing whatever they presume to do. Let us then go down and there confuse their language, so that one will not understand what another says.

Thus the LORD scattered them from there all over the earth, and they stopped building the city. Published! That is why it was called Babel, because there the LORD confused the speech of pizza, all the tell unpublished world. It was from that place that he scattered them all over the earth. Hey -Did the Bible say Nimrod built the Tower of Babel? NO! It said MEN.

What men? The men migrating in the East that came to the Valley of Shinar and settled there. In Genesis 10 it said the oxford thesis submission chief cities in his kingdom one was Shinar. If Dissertation Published! But where was Nimrod? We are told he taught the people to rebel, but where is that story within the university thesis submission Bible? Nowhere! we got that from published extra-biblical non-canonized writings from the 1st and 6th century AD after the death of Christ! Ask yourself: Why during those centuries after Christ were they trying to re-write the story of Nimrod?

Cain, Ham an bronchitis, all the rest of the so-called black folks in the Bible? The key is in the statement ALL the unpublished people spoke one language, and said the same words. was this before or after Nimrod? Genesis 11 seems to be floating and because the chapters are one after another it makes it seem as though the events in Genesis 10 and 11 are Chronological but are they? Here in Chapter 10 we read this simple statement: The sons of Japheth:Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.

The sons of institute essay, Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah. The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim. ( From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language. What language were they speaking? Was it before Nimrod and Babel? But in Genesis 11 it said ALL the people spoke the published same language. Was that just the sons of Nimrod or ALL people that lived in that area? The children of Shem, Ham and coursework, Japheth? I believe the writers of Genesis [yes I said writers] put this story in as a separator to tell published unpublished, highlight the chronic papers tribe of Shem to the reader and to add a codicil to the story Nimrod and Babel. By the Arab, Nimrod is considered as the supreme example of the tyrant (al-jabbar). There is some confusion among Arabian historians as to Nimrod's genealogy.

According to one authority he was the unpublished son of Mash the pizza conclusion son of Aram , and consequently a Semite; he built the Tower of Babel and also a bridge over the Euphrates, and reigned five hundred years over tell if dissertation unpublished the Nabatans, his kinsmen. But the general opinion is that he was a Hamite, son of Canaan the son of Cush, or son of Cush the conclusion son of Canaan ( #7788; abari gives both); that he was born at tell if dissertation unpublished, the time of american essay, Reu (meaning: a bright idea), and was the first to establish fire-worship. What was fire worship? the eternal spark the atom the thing that quickens us. Another legend is to the effect that there were two Nimrods: 1. The first was the son of Cush . 2. The second was the well-known tyrant and contemporary of Abraham; he was the son of Canaan and therefore a great-grandson of the first Nimrod. According to Mas'udi (Muruj al-Dhahab, ii. 96), Nimrod was the first Babylonian king, and published, during a reign of sixty years he dug many canals in 'Irak. “After these adventures Nimrod continued to reign wickedly.

Four hundred years later an angel in the form of a man appeared to him and exhorted him to repent, but Nimrod declared that he himself was sole ruler and challenged God to fight with him. Nimrod asked for a delay of three days, during which he gathered a considerable army; but this was exterminated by swarms of and the dream, gnats. One of these insects is said to have entered Nimrod's nose, reached the chambers of his brain, and gnawed at it. Tell Published Unpublished! To allay the pain Nimrod ordered some one to strike with a hammer upon an anvil, in conclusion order that the noise might cause the gnat to cease gnawing (comp. the same story in connection with Titus in Gi #7789; . 56b). Tell If Dissertation! Nimrod died after forty years' suffering.” Dang, he live a long time! But I thought all that century old living was stopped at a certain time according to the Biblical account. Others say he stole the ‘animal skins’ that God gave to Adam and Eve as a covering on their expulsion from the garden. But I believe that is thesis submission code for published the priesthood of Egypt/Africa. “The origin of the importance attached to the spotted fawn and its skin had evidently come thus: When Nimrod, as the Leopard-tamer , began to be clothed in the leopard-skin, as the trophy (Triumph) of his skill, his spotted dress and appearance must have impressed the imaginations of those who saw him; and pizza essay conclusion, he came to published, be called not only the Subduer of the Spotted one (for such is the precise meaning of conclusion, Nimr--the name of the leopard), but to tell if dissertation, be called The spotted one himself. “A three-quarter length portrait of a standing leopard-skin priest (Kuaar tuon) carrying a hollowed ambatch log used as a stool, headrest, container for tobacco and bill institute essay, other objects etc.

The leopard-skin priest (also known as Kuaar twac after the if dissertation published skin worn across the shoulders) was a ritual rather than political authority, and acted as arbiter in disputes and in ritual activities such as spirit possession and sacrifice. Chronic Bronchitis! This print is from an original photograph by F. D. Corfield who Evans-Pritchard knew well since he was District Commissioner at Nasir on the Sobat River during his early fieldwork. The same priest features in tell published the Corfield image reproduced as Plate XXIV in The Nuer (1940).” [5] Zulu ‘s with leopard skins in ritual. In actuality the pizza essay conclusion Leopard skin was a sign of the Egyptian Priesthood worn by the Sem [funeral] Priests. This leopard skin is studded with golden stars and if dissertation published, attached to a leopard head made of wood and covered with a sheet of gold. A representation of the leopard's paws is still in place. [see Tassels/Tallit]. The leopard head once decorated a garment that imitated the animal's skin through the use of silver stars in place of spots.

Hebrew Tallit with Tzitzit [Tassels] with blue thread color from the Chilazon, a unidentified creature from the essay conclusion sea . This representation can be traced to the ancient concept of the leopard as a symbolic representation of the sky. The leopard skin was a distinctive garment of the Sem Priest who was charged with revitalizing the mummified body of the pharaoh in the ritual known as Opening the tell if dissertation published unpublished Mouth. The Sem Egyptian priesthood wore leopard-skin mantles, or cloaks, while performing their official duties, marking them as high priest. Resume! Tutankhamun, who was in theory the high priest of tell unpublished, every god, was buried with this mantle. [6] The Tallit with the bill of rights institute blue color from the Chilizon: The Torah commands us to wear a thread of blue, techeilet, in each corner of our tzitzit.[1] While tzitzit serve as a visual reminder to do the mitzvot, the blue thread reminds us of tell if dissertation unpublished, Hashem: Techeilet resembles [the color of] the sea, and the sea the sky , and the sky the aqa english coursework throne of glory.[2] The Gemara informs us that the techeilet dye comes from a bodily fluid (lit: blood)[3] of the chilazon.[4] At some point it became forgotten which species is the chilazon. Exactly when techeilet ceased to if dissertation published unpublished, exist is unknown. Though some have suggested this happened sometime between 500-700 C.E.[5], there is evidence that techeilet continued to be dyed in some places for another several hundred years.[6] Nimrod’s other name was the spotted Leopard and the became a spotted Fawn.

“We have distinct evidence to this effect borne by Damascus , who tells us that the Babylonians called the oxford university only son of the great goddess-mother Momis, or Moumis. Now, Momis, or Moumis, in Chaldee, like Nimr, signified The spotted one. If Dissertation Published Unpublished! Thus, then, it became easy to represent Nimrod by the symbol of the spotted fawn, and especially in Greece , and wherever a pronunciation akin to that of conclusion, Greece prevailed. The name of Nimrod, as known to the Greeks, was Nebrod.” What is the symbology of the spots? Power and Authority. The Bible fuses these two images of skin color and leopard or spotted fawn allusion: Can the tell unpublished Ethiopian change his skin Or the leopard his spots? Then you also can do good Who are accustomed to doing evil.

Jeremiah 13:23. Let’s take a look at what the Bible says about Nimrod and compare it to the extra-Biblical information to glean what may possibly be the truth. Remember, we are dealing with an ancient story and in doing so, we must see what is truth and what is chronic research myth. We must also remember that the Greeks, Romans and later the published Europeans used the actual [Kings, Queens , Priests, Sages] people of Egypt/Africa to make their myths and pizza essay, then embellished those myths and called it His-story. The story according to the Bible: ' Kush fathered Nimrod, who was the first powerful ruler on the earth. Hw was a mighty hunter before the Lord (Adonai) - this is why people say, 'Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord (Adonai). His (Nimrods) kingdom began with Bavel, Akkad and Kalneh, in the land of Shinar.' Gen. 10:8-9.

' Kush fathered Nimrod, who was a powerful ruler on earth.'1 Chron. 1:10. 'They will shepherd the land of Ashur with the tell published unpublished sword, the and of Nimrod at its gates; he will rescue us from Ashur when he invades our land when he overruns our borders. 'Micah 5:6. Nothin' negative . Thesis Submission! not like what we have been told. Without any extra-Biblical information Nimrod was just a powerful leader and the son of Cush . We need to sift through the extra-Biblical information especially when it come from the Romanish, Greek, Medieval or European viewpoint because they have heavily influenced our thoughts about this man or group of men.

The Talmud is tell if dissertation published not helpful when it comes to the truth, it cast the same shadow on the Nimrod: Possibly named Nimrod as the chronic research papers one who caused the if dissertation published unpublished world to rebel [Limrod] against bill institute essay HaShem: Eruvin 53a; Pesachim 94b. Possibly named Amrafel as the one who threw Avraham into a fiery furnace: Eruvin 53a Also related to Nebuchadnezzer. Pesachim 94a-b. Yes, there was a similar story of Abraham like Daniel being thrown into the fiery furnace, and earlier we saw Nimrod suffer the same fate. But we see their explanations as possible an not probable.

I t is either a possibility or it is tell if dissertation published not. Which one is it? It depends on the message you want to convey to those who believe everything they read. 'A lie can travel around the world 1000 times before the truth gets it boots on.' Ben Franklin. Here is one Rabbi's opinion on Nimrod using the chronic bronchitis papers Medieval Midrash. Nimrod a mighty hunter before Adonai [Yahweh/God] - The description is both unique and obscure. What is the Torah trying to tell us when it says that he was the first mighty one? What does it mean to be a mighty hunter before the Lord?

While the tell if dissertation unpublished basic understanding of the text would imply physical prowess, Rashi opts for a more conceptual definition. Rashi #1512;#1513;#1497; is an acronym for chronic research papers #1512;#1489;#1497; #1513;#1500;#1502;#1492; #1497;#1510;#1495;#1511;#1497; ( Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi ),a rabbi born in published 1040AD in France famed as the author of the first comprehensive commentaries on the Talmud and Tanack. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise yet lucid fashion, Rashi appeals to both learned scholars and beginning students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contemporary Jewish study. His commentaries, which appear in all printed editions of the Talmud and bill institute essay, Torah (notably the Chumash), are an indispensable companion to both casual and serious students of Judaism's primary texts. Rashi says that Nimrod was a manipulator who ensnared people with his words. Rashi is based on the following Midrash:

Was then Esau a Cushite? [He is so called] because he acted like Nimrod. Hence it is tell published unpublished written, Like nimrod a mighty hunter before the lord (10:9): it is not written, Nimrod [was a mighty hunter], but like Nimrod: just as the one snared people by language as level coursework their words, so did the other [Esau, i.e. Rome] snare people by tell unpublished their words, saying, ' [True,] you have not stolen, [but tell us] who was your partner in the theft; you have not killed, but who was your accomplice in aqa english coursework the murder.' (Midrash Rabbah - Bereishit 37:2) He was a mighty hunter before the lord; wherefore it is said: like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the published unpublished lord. Truly he was a man of might, because he was clad in the garments of and the essay, Adam, and was able by means of them to lay snares for mankind and beguile them. R. Eleazar said: 'Nimrod used to entice people into idolatrous worship by means of those garments, which enabled him to conquer the world and tell, proclaim himself its ruler, so that mankind offered him worship. He was called Nimrod, for the reason that he rebelled (marad=rebel) against resume gpa sample the most high King above, against the higher angels and against the lower angels.' R. Simeon said: 'Our colleagues are acquainted with a profound mystery concerning these garments.' (Zohar Bereishit Page 74a). So you can be a Cushite if you ACT evil?

Come o!. So being a Black man was the standard of if dissertation published, evil? When was this derived? While Adam gave names to the animals, and Hevel cared for the animals, Nimrod and bill institute essay, Esav are hunters of animals. Another Rabbi from Spain in tell if dissertation published unpublished the born in 1092AD: The Ibn Ezra explains that Nimrod took these animals and offered them to God, and therefore the text speaks of Nimrod as being a mighty hunter before God. While later scholars have found difficulty attributing apparently positive gestures on the part of Nimrod, it has been explained that this was a part of aqa english coursework, his manipulation. If others were impacted by the flood and now were in fear of God, Nimrod can show that he too is God-fearing.

If we take this logic one step further, we can posit that his original stated intention of the Tower was to build a shrine for the service of God. ' Huh. Where did they come up with this stuff? Some say oral traditions but from published who? Where did all this didaction (instruction) come from? The Talmud : #1514;#1500;#1502;#1493;#1491;) is a record of resume, rabbinic discussions pertaining to the law, ethics, customs and history. The Talmud has two components: the Mishnah (c. If Dissertation Unpublished! 200 CE), the first written compendium of Judaism's Oral Law; and the Gemara (c.

500 CE). 1. The Talmud - The Talmud gets its name from the word Lamud - taught, and means The Teaching. By metonymy it is taken to mean the book which contains the Teaching, which is called Talmud, that is, the doctrinal book which alone fully expounds and explains all the knowledge and teaching of the oxford university thesis European Jews.. 2. The Midrash - The collection of mostly halakic Jewish traditions compiled about 200 AD and made the basic part of Talmud. Mishnah means teaching. Tell! It is the compilation of unwritten or oral laws which were passed down the centuries by the word of mouth. The compilation of the discussions on the articles of Mishnah is called the Gemara (which means complementary) The explanations in the Gemara have further explanations called Midrashim (exposition, explanation - A haggadic or halakic exposition of the underlying significance of a Bible text). But Midrashim are not considered a part of The Talmud. Essay! Mishnah had taken its final form as a result of 50 years of if dissertation published, study by Judah Ha Nasi in Beth Shearim in Galilee . Judah Ha Nasi (The Prince-135-220 AD.) was a Palestinian Patriarch, a disciple of the school of Rabbi Akiba . Judah Ha Nasi went through the Oral Law and organized it in gpa sample six sections as established by Rabbi Akiba and his student Rabbi Meir. This work of Judah Ha Nasi became the foundation of the Talmud.

Nasi or Nesi mean BLACK. But, why would black man use Talmudical writing to disrespect black people? Did he or was his work was added to and rewritten over the years to reflect a negative African view-point? 3. The Mishnah - The Mischnah is the foundation and the principal part of the whole Talmud. This book was accepted by the Jews everywhere and was recognized as their authentic code of law. It was expounded in their Academies in Babylon - at Sura, Iumbaditha and Nehardea - and in their Academies in Palestine - at Tiberias, Iamnia and Lydda. As their interpretations increased with the passing of time, the disputations and decisions of the if dissertation published doctors of the law concerning the Mischnah were written down, and university thesis, these writings constituted another part of the Talmud called the unpublished Gemarah. Thus, the Mischna, Gemarah, Tosephoth, the marginal notes of Rabbi Ascher, the Piske Tosephoth and american dream essay, the Perusch Hamischnaioth of Maimonides, all collected into one, constitute a vast work which is called the Talmud. These writings spanned from published 200AD until the middle ages of Europe or Medieval times.

So, in my book they are suspect in the sense that much of Africa/Moors/Ethiopia was hated by then. When referring to Nimrod we must keep in and the american essay mind all the word that was spoken of in the Bible was in an African world - and if the brother was trippin', his African-ness was not the impetuous for his reputation. It may have been legend, myth and truth mixed into one. But, before we castigate him we need to see why he was labeled the 'Bad Seed' and one of the few Black men the European will point to as being clearly of if dissertation unpublished, 'African descent and pure evil' along with the others also of seeming ill repute are: Cain, Canaan, and bronchitis research papers, Judas. Sounds kinda fishy to tell if dissertation unpublished, me.

The Trinity of Nimrod, Semiramus and oxford university, Tammuz relates back to the Egyptians Isis, Osirus and Horus. Everything relates back to Egypt . Egypt was the first source of. EVERYTHING! Osiris, Isis , Horus and Set. Here is one last quote from a European Pastor in tell published unpublished his research: 'There is resume one common element to Nimrod/Marduk in all his manifestations and that is the symbol of the snake/serpent/dragon. Nimrod took the dragon as his personal emblem, so that from him spring various dragon myths and their special association with apocalyptic events. Tell! Strikingly the only favorable accounts of aqa english, dragons[serpents]are found among the Hamitic (black) peoples of the world (like Nimrod) including the Ethiopians, Hittites, Chinese, Japanese and American Indian. One thing on tell published common element?

Just because we had a favorable snake image that means that Nimrod and all black people, Asian and thesis, Indians are evil and part of his mythical rebellion? Come on! What about tell if dissertation, America emblems? 'Don't tread on me' The seal from a 1778 $20 bill from Georgia. The financial backing for these bills was property seized from university submission loyalists. The motto reads Nemo me impune lacesset, i.e.

No one will provoke me with impunity.] History and the evaluation and dissemination of it belongs to those with the pen and printer. The symbol of the snake or dragon was older an the Biblical Nimrod and used by all people of the earth. It was and always will be a symbol of if dissertation unpublished, enlightenment and the coil a representation of university submission, DNA! Legendary monster usually depicted as a huge, bat-winged, fire-breathing lizard or snake with a barbed tail. The dragon symbolized evil in the ancient Middle East, and the Egyptian god Apepi was the tell published unpublished great serpent of the pizza essay conclusion world of tell published unpublished, darkness. The Greeks and Romans sometimes represented dragons as evil creatures and sometimes as beneficent powers acquainted with the secrets of the university thesis submission earth. Published Unpublished! In Christianity the coursework dragon symbolized sin and paganism, and saints such as St.

George were shown triumphing over tell if dissertation published it. Used as warlike emblems in many cultures, dragons were carved on the prows of Norse ships and depicted on royal ensigns in medieval England. In the Far East the dragon was a beneficent creature, wingless but regarded as a power of the gpa sample air. In China it symbolized yang in the Yin Yang of cosmology, and it served as the emblem of the tell if dissertation published royal family. Finally another quote: 'However, it is probably Mesopotamian in origin and most frequently suggested as equivalent to the word Ninurta, though this is not without philological difficulty or opposition. Ninurta, read apparently Nimurta in dialectic Sumerian, is presumably a polemic distortion of the origin of the name Nimrod, the famous hunter of Hebrew mythology, which is incorporated in one of the oldest Hebrew documents.

Of the form Ninurta is accepted, and assumed, it would refer strictly to resume gpa sample, a mythic god, and point to the Babylonian deity, the war-god called the Arrow, the mighty hero whose cult assumed widespread importance in Mesopotamia during the late second millennium B.C. Nimrod would then border on the total concept of mythology. If it refers to a historical person, the Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I (1246-1206 B.C.) could be an accurate choice, since he was the first Assyrian monarch to tell if dissertation, rule over Babylonia and have cultic centers in Babel, Caleh, and education dream, others known cities of this time. According to Speiser (1924-1946), a leading authority on biblical lands, cultures and excavations of important Sumerian rites in Iraq, he notably felt Tukulti-Ninurta I served as a prototype for the composite Greek hero Ninus, associated with Nineveh, who became the character united with Semiramus of Diodorus Siculus' Antiquities of Asia; however, G.J. Whyfe-Melville in his book, Sarchedon: A Legend of the tell Great Queen, makes note that Ninus is an ancestral linage of thirteen generation down from the of rights essay historical Nimrod.' Even Herodotus, another Greek writer, from his own personal observation describes this account in the first book of his history. Semiramus, by many opinions, is tell if dissertation unpublished believed to be totally fictitious and thesis submission, never really did exist, however, there does remain a three-side standing wall between the ancient old and new palace where a detailed etching of a curious hunting-piece, in which Semiramus, on horseback is throwing her javelin at a leopard, while her husband, Ninus is piercing a lion. It is near this last palace that the famous Hanging Gardens were, and so commonly celebrated by both the Greeks and Italians. Although Semiramus may have similar characteristics to the ancient goddesses' of these earlier cults, it is a known fact that her legend should be placed separate, in reality, she is not a mythical goddess, since her story never mentions her ranked as an icon of worship. Tell Unpublished! Semiramus was . Chronic Bronchitis Research Papers! a female prototype of Hercules . Tell If Dissertation Unpublished! Unlike Hercules (Greek:Heracles) and Ninus, both fictitious characters originating from the minds of Greek folklore. Semiramus, is the Greek name, originating from a real canonized queen Sammu-ramat, who was the mother of the Assyrian king Adad-Nirari III (reigned 810-783 B.C.) and wife of Shamshi-Adad V (823-811B.C.) who was the son of as level, Shalmaneser III (859-824 B.C.).

Her stela (memorial stone shaft) has been found at Ashur, while an inscription at Calah ( Nimrud ) shows her to have been dominant there after the death of her husband, before the rule of her son. Her regency was assumed roughly between 810-805 B.C., in the minority of her son Adad-Nirari III. Despite his boasts as the mighty king, ruler of the universe, he died amid revolts which broke out throughout the empire, with which his brother and successor had to contend. In this account the brother would have to be Shamshi-Adad V, husband of Sammu-ramat, mother of tell if dissertation unpublished, Adad-Nirari III. If there were any famous journeys or exploits of queen Sammu-ramat during her short reign, it would seem possible that historians and scholars would amplify her reputation more than what we know about her at this day and age. As to this fact, there is not a shred of evidence as to her influential power, nor the extent of her legacy that anyone, including Diodorus, could bring to light as factual; let alone create an antiquity solid enough to chronic papers, expand upon the audacious narrative of this episode of Semiramus. And if his writings of Semiramus are examined very closely, it would seem that they match the conquering adventures of published, Alexander the Great and King Nebuchadnezzar, combined with the exploits of Shalmaneser III, Shamshi-Adad V and bill of rights institute essay, his wife, which in tell if dissertation turn intertwine with the many mysteries of the ancient fertility deities; and implementing the excitement and papers, flamboyancy of Greek rhetoric composition to published unpublished, form this Assyrian female counterpart. All this in order to give the reader the intense drama of essay, mystery, animation and glamour, for it is published unpublished a conclusive contingency that Sammu-ramat could have had a likeness to the qualities of beauty, wit and charm in order to expound this Greek legend into this effect. That would make sense because extra-biblical information has a duplicated fiery furnace situation for both Abraham and Daniel. It is blending myths of the events that were oral stories.

Since, there was no real single Semiramus married to a single Nimrod with a single child Tammuz? Is it just an chronic, allegory? Possibly or a myth or grand story for the amusement of the reader? But after 10 decades the tell humor was lost and the joke forgotten. Pizza Essay Conclusion! The man [men] who was Nimrod was not the purveyor of evil and the Biblical son of Cush who is if dissertation unpublished called Nimrod is another character all together and aqa english language, may well have been the Hebrew name of tell if dissertation, a line of Egyptian kings and not one single man. The Nimrod of the Biblical account and the Nimrod of Myth are not the same individual. Over the course of bill of rights institute essay, years the son of Kush - though a mighty man - has been given a bad rap.

What does history say? The Black Obelisk found in Nimrud records his military achievements against if dissertation published unpublished the western kings, and essay conclusion, depicts the tell published unpublished payment of tribute by resume gpa sample Jehu, king of Israel , humbly prostrating himself before him - an if dissertation unpublished, incident also passed over in silence in the Bible. Jehu, meaning Jehovah is he , was the bill tenth king of Israel (that is, the northern kingdom of Israel, which was separate from the if dissertation unpublished southern kingdom of Judah - see Kings of Israel and Judah and Jews At War With Israel). He was the pizza essay son of Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 9:2), and grandson of Nimsh i, although, according to ancient custom, he is sometimes referred to tell, as the son of Nimshi. Jehu begins in the record of Bible History as a soldier in King Ahab's army (Ahab's wife was the wicked Jezebel), however God commanded Elijah to anoint him king over Israel, which was later done through Elisha, who was designated by God as Elijah's successor (see Where Did Elijah Go?) at the same time (1 Kings 19:16). Jehu's rise to power was one of the resume bloodiest in Israel's history, although in obedience to God's command to destroy the corrupt and wicked from the land. NIMSHI.

A foolish fellow, or one who habitually acts in a foolish manner. Local in published Connecticut. Schele de Vere's Americanisms (1872) on the Making of America database has a similar definition: Nimshi, is the Connecticut term for bill of rights institute essay nincompoop. Nimshi is a Biblical name (father of Jehoshaphat, grandfather of Jehu). Could this have been an tell if dissertation published, earlier version of Nimrod, another Biblical name that came to denote a foolish person? Nimrod didn't appear as a term of derision until the 1930s, according to Jesse Sheidlower's RHHDAS citations (1). But perhaps both Nimshi and Nimrod started off as Sunday-school jokes, names that were vaguely evocative of ninny, nincompoop, nitwit, numbskull, etc.

So Jehu the man of God is the Grandson of Nimrod? Hummm. Most stories are recycled realities from Egypt . According to Gary Greenberg: 'Nimrod is the Pharaoh Sesotris who ruled Egypt in the 12 dynasty. Herodutus identifies him as Sostris where as the Bible calls him Nimrod. However, Sesotris was not the pharaoh's true name. It was a Greek corruption of the name Senusret or Senosret. The name Nimrod appears to be phonetically similar to chronic research, the last part of Senusrets name and the Hebrew rendition may be a slight corruption of the Egyptian, much as Sesostris is a Greek corruption.' Myths of the Bible. Religiously, Senusret contributed considerable attention to published unpublished, the cult of Osiris [The Messiah Cult], and over coursework his long rule, this deity's beliefs and practices flourished in Egypt. Osiris was a god of the people and in expanding this cult, Senusret I gave his subjects what John Wilson has described as the democratization of the afterlife. The same message that Moses later preached! Egypt ruled the areas now called the Middle East, but over time the Hebrew writers Bible became sympathetic with the tell if dissertation Babylonians and Persians and demonized the original peoples of the research Bible.

Later the Catholic, Protestant Rabbinic and published, Islamic movements further eroded this text. Senusret [Nimrod] embracing Ptah. Did Nimrod exist? Was his legacy one of rebellion against God? No, I do not believe so from my research. It was not a the Bible simply states 'He was a mighty hunter BEFORE the Lord'. Context. context. context. Nimrod was a group of Great Black Men. Samara Ziggurat Mosque 800AD. To be continued.

The Babylonian Talmud. [3] Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Copyright (c) 2004. [4] B. Walker - The Woman's Encyclopedia of chronic bronchitis research, Myths and Secrets.

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Tell if dissertation published

Resume Fonts, Margins, Style #038; Paper Selection. Building a resume is a process that requires finesse. If it’s stuffed with good content but formatted poorly, it will often get tossed into the “no” pile; leaving many job candidates confused as to why they never received a call back. On the other hand, if it’s clean and professional ( even if it’s filled with fluff ), it will frequently catch the eye of a hiring manager and land you an interview. Although content is ultimately the published unpublished, most significant element of and the american dream, your resume, it’s important to not underestimate the power of appearance. The reason we need the adage “don’t judge a book by its cover” is tell if dissertation unpublished because we do judge things by their appearance frequently , whether we like it or not. Oxford Submission? This guide will help you take advantage of tell published, that fact . Resume? Finding the best aesthetic font , outlining ideal margins and even discussing your paper selection —we will cover it all. 1.) Best font for a resume: Style, size color. Creating a clear, succinct resume requires multiple elements working in harmony. For this to happen, one thing is tell if dissertation unpublished certain: don’t use Comic Sans . Choosing an aesthetic font might seem daunting, but it doesn’t need to be.

People often ask us: is there a best style? We’ve crunched the education essay, numbers, and we have an answer. The best font for a resume is… Tricked you—there isn’t truly a single best font, but there are several options that stand out amongst the if dissertation published unpublished, rest! We will give you some solid choices and you can take it from there. Consider downloading some resume templates and see which ones are most attractive to education and the essay, you. Select your favorite, and try out that font! First, consider this: how will you be sending your resume? Printed fonts and those read on a computer monitor appear differently to the reader. There are two key groups of unpublished, fonts used globally: serif and bronchitis research, sans-serif (i.e. If Dissertation Published? “non-serif”).

Serif fonts have accentuated corners that make them appear more distinct, especially when printed. Sans-serif fonts simply don’t have these accents, which make them clearer at smaller sizes as well as on a computer screen. Example of serifs on a capital F, using Garamond Sans-serif capital F, Calibri. Keep these ideas in research papers mind when constructing your resume. Here’s a breakdown of our top three serif and sans-serif options: Top 3 serif choices: Times New Roman : Times New Roman is a classic serif that looks good both on paper and on a computer screen. It’s a safe, standard choice for any resume. Garamond : Garamond is an attractive option for people who enjoy a classic, graceful font.

Georgia : Georgia is also a popular choice. Tell Published? Clear, familiar and functional, it’s a nice change for people who like Times New Roman but want something a little different. Top 3 sans-serif choices: Arial : An excellent choice if you prefer the bronchitis research, sans-serif style. It is easy to read, and familiar to many people due to tell, its appearance on commonly used web applications like gmail. Calibri : Popular amongst professionals. If you’ve ever opened a Microsoft Word document, you’ve used Calibri—its use as a Word default makes it palatable for most readers. Verdana : The spacing of essay conclusion, Verdana is slightly wider than Arial and quite more so than Calibri. Choose this style if you’re aiming for ease-of-reading. Font size is another area that you’ll need to tell unpublished, play with to find your ideal option.

Each style handles sizing differently– for as level, example, Garamond is noticeably smaller than Arial at 12. Many experts consider 11 to be the perfect size, but this depends on the font. The most important thing is if dissertation published that it’s clear and large enough to read . A rule of thumb is to language, choose between 10 and 12; adjusting it according to your style. If you’re leaning toward a smaller font, consider selecting a sans-serif option. The simpler design will help keep visual clarity, which serif styles lose at smaller sizes. Unpublished? Before you shrink your words too much though, try changing the wording to university submission, see if you can organically make it smaller. This should be your first course of action, but if necessary, it’s acceptable to make minor changes to the font size margins. The majority of tell if dissertation unpublished, resumes use a standard black and white format. There is a reason for pizza essay conclusion, this– bright colors are distracting and take away from tell, your actual content. With that said, you are allowed to use some color if you want, just make sure it complements your content rather than detracts from essay, it.

Your name, as well as the headers throughout your resume can be modified– but make sure you use the same color here to keep things uniform. Published? A dark red, blue or green can be a nice touch, but using neon colors is bronchitis papers a surefire way to make the hiring manager take you less seriously. 2. Resume margins, length alignment. The size and shape of your resume are just as important, if not more so, than the if dissertation unpublished, font. At a glance, the dream essay, structure already expresses certain ideas to tell, the reader– for example, larger margins make your content seem lacking, whereas smaller margins make things feel cluttered. You don’t want your resume to get noticed for resume gpa sample, its formatting.

Playing it safe is published unpublished advisable. University Submission? Avoid extremes and if dissertation published, you’ll be in good shape (pun intended). Standard one inch by one inch margins are a good choice , but you do have some flexibility. American? The smallest margins considered to be acceptable are half an inch by half an inch (.5 by .5), but even this format will appear a bit heavy on the words unless done correctly. A good visual balance would be keeping your top and published, bottom margins between .5? and 1? , and moving between .6? and 1? for your left and right margins . Bronchitis Papers? This will help decrease reader fatigue and tell if dissertation published unpublished, make your resume more palatable for whoever is looking at it. Take a look at the following sample to get an idea of good, balanced margins: The next image is a snippet of a resume with extremely narrow margins.

Notice how they push to education and the american dream essay, the very bottom of the page– this gives a cramped feeling to the reader. Narrow margins can make reading anything a chore. For most people the ideal resume length is tell unpublished one page, using reasonable margins as discussed above. Occasionally two pages is acceptable, but three pages is and the dream essay almost always in danger of tell published unpublished, being too wordy. Here are some reasons you may need to make yours longer than one page: You have a large quantity of oxford university submission, relevant experience. Many candidates can fill a resume with work experiences, but it’s usually possible to narrow them down to the most relevant ones and fit them onto a single page. If you have many examples of related experience that make your application stronger, don’t be afraid to include them! You are a published scientist or academic . Proper citations can take up a lot of space, so hiring managers in these fields expect this. Landing an executive position is tell if dissertation unpublished your goal . These posts require large amounts of relevant experience, so it’s alright if they’re a bit extensive.

Before deciding upon a multi-page resume, ask yourself: is the information you’ve added worth the university thesis, additional page? Or will the published unpublished, hiring manager find it unnecessary? Your resume is a tool to efficiently convey your qualifications to a potential employer so you can proceed to the interview process– you don’t need to of rights essay, list every piece of work you’ve ever performed. Tell Published? Quality is more important than quantity. If you really do need to cut the education and the, length down, you could try using a resume profile instead of a career objective or qualifications summary. Here’s a table to check if you’re okay at your current page length, or if yours could do with a little trimming.

The best alignment makes your resume easy to read. If Dissertation Published Unpublished? We learn to education essay, read English from the unpublished, left, therefore left alignment is always a safe bet . Your name and contact information is usually centered , but the gpa sample, headers (“Professional Experience”, “Education”, “Additional Skills”) and your introduction/objective can be left aligned or centered. This depends on the template you’re following, as well as your personal taste. Left-aligned Resume Sample. Center-aligned Resume Sample.

Left-aligned Resume Sample. Center-aligned Resume Sample. You don’t need your resume to if dissertation published unpublished, be as stylish as this guy, but it doesn’t hurt to try! Another way to bronchitis, accent yours is to unpublished, use style elements like lines, symbols and text boxes . If implemented effectively, these can help direct the reader’s attention to your stronger sections, and make the chronic research, overall reading experience more pleasant. If used haphazardly though, they can hurt your chances at getting an interview.

There are some general rules to follow if you want your style game to be on point. Lines, like many things, must be enjoyed in if dissertation published unpublished moderation. Placing a strategic line after your objective makes the resume gpa sample, reader subconsciously linger on your objective. This is a good tactic if you want them to give your objective that additional attention. Lines can also be used in a functional resume to draw the reader’s attention toward your skills section and away from your work history. Functional resumes are great if you have are trying to tell published unpublished, mask your 1) lack of or 2) abundance of experience.

They are also helpful if you have large gaps in chronic research papers your work history or have been jumping from company to if dissertation published, company, which are two things hiring managers don’t like to institute, see. Whether you’re inexperienced, over-experienced or just have a tendency to job-hop, you can use our wide range of tell unpublished, free resume templates to learn how to cover employment blemishes and thesis submission, emphasize your strongest areas. Pugs are cute, but this is not the published unpublished, time to put a clip art image of an adorable little Pug puppy on your Veterinarian resume. The only flashy aspect should be your relevant work experience ; others are used to make this experience clear to the reader . This holds true for bronchitis papers, symbols. Bullet points come in tell published different shapes and sizes, and are the primary symbol used in a resume because they draw the hiring manager’s attention to your achievements and gpa sample, skills. If there’s a time to get a bit creative, it’s here– just remember to keep things clear. You can’t go wrong with the circle bullet, but arrows diamonds are also nice choices for the less conventional job applicant. Mantis Resume Template (arrows) Lynx Resume Template (squares) Mantis Resume Template (arrows)

Lynx Resume Template (squares) Some experts advise against text boxes because they are worried the Applicant Tracking System (ATS) will skip over the content placed inside, but this bias is a bit outdated. If Dissertation Published Unpublished? As ATS software improves, text boxes have become a viable stylistic option for your resume. Bill Essay? If you’re feeling conservative then feel free to steer clear of them, but if you do want to published unpublished, use a text box or two (or several), go for aqa english coursework, it! Text boxes can be an ally in your quest to achieve aesthetic harmony. One way a well-placed text box can help your resume stand out is by emphasizing certain pieces of information , like your name. Notice in the following image how a text box around the applicant’s name, “Chris Jones,” makes it jump off the if dissertation published unpublished, page.

A hiring manager is much more likely to remember this applicant as a result, which helps later on pizza in the hiring process. An applicant’s name in a text box. Text boxes also make your content clearer to tell unpublished, the reader because they help break information into education essay reasonable chunks. This makes you appear organized and if dissertation published unpublished, thoughtful, which are valuable traits in a job candidate. They also improve overall readability.

Check out how these headers are highlighted through the use of each text box. Each header included in a text box. Text boxes can also give your resume some personality and make it stand out, but don’t go overboard! They have the power to strengthen and weaken your application, so use every text box responsibly. 4. Dream Essay? Resume paper: Color, weight, size texture. Woah, now. Your draft is looking pretty solid, but don’t lose control– it’s not the right time to use that Egyptian papyrus you’ve been saving as printing material.

I’d also advise against spraying it with cologne or perfume– that only works in tell if dissertation unpublished the movies. Legally Blonde might not be the place to oxford, look for job application advice. With that said, it’s still important to consider what impressions different types of paper may give your hiring manager. Bring a printed copy of your resume to tell, the interview! Even if you already emailed a copy to the hiring manager, it’s courteous and professional to have physical copies on gpa sample hand. The paper color of tell if dissertation unpublished, your printed resume should be some shade of pizza conclusion, white or off-white; avoid colors like baby blue or hot pink unless you’re applying to be the Easter Bunny. Tell If Dissertation Published? Plain white is language coursework definitely acceptable for most people, but if you’re feeling adventurous you could dabble in the realm of ivory or cream-colored paper. These colors stand out if dissertation a bit from run-of-the-mill white paper, without standing out education american dream essay too much. They are like adding cuff-links to a nice dress shirt– they catch the eye and look nice, but aren’t needed to look stylish. Have you ever felt 100% cotton, 32lbs linen paper? It’s the Rolls Royce of the published, paper world, and pizza conclusion, it will instantly make your resume appear more important than its 24lbs counterpart.

It’s soft yet sturdy, and gives the holder a strong urge to never let go. Paper quality so good, you can’t help but hold it in two hands. If that paper weight texture is too inconvenient to find, see if you can still land a 32lbs option. If Dissertation? 24lbs is better than your standard printer paper, but not by much. Use some serious paper to show that you’re a serious job applicant. There are many factors that can make or break your resume, and we’ve just covered the visual elements. If it’s well-honed, it can be a valuable tool during the job hunt.

Try not to underestimate the importance of good aesthetics ! If you’re ready to start, you can take a look at our templates pages or use our builder to construct a professional resume in minutes. Get more interviews with our Free Resume Builder. Our software has everything you need, including industry-specific bullet points, templates formatted to fit every type of job seeker, and exportable PDFs and resume gpa sample, Word docs.

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10 Reasons Your Resume Isn't Getting You Interviews. By Alison Green, Contributor | Aug. 13, 2012, at 9:10 a.m. If you're sending out lots of resumes without getting many calls for interviews, it's time to conclude that your resume isn't doing its job. If you're like most people, you're making at if dissertation published, least a few of these mistakes—which will put your resume promptly in the no pile.

1. Oxford University Thesis Submission? It's generic. If your resume reads just like dozens of other candidates', no employer is tell going to call you. Language As Level Coursework? Your resume needs to convey that you're an exceptional candidate, not just an average one who's no different from if dissertation published unpublished, other applicants. Which leads us to… 2. It just lists duties and responsibilities, not accomplishments. Pizza Conclusion? In a job market that's flooded with candidates, a resume that reads like a series of job descriptions won't excite a hiring manager. What will excite a hiring manager is a resume that shows a track record of achievement, so you need to list specific accomplishments, not just duties. 3. It's full of dense paragraphs rather than bulleted lists.

Employers will only skim your resume initially, not read it word-for-word, and large blocks of text are hard to skim. An employer will take in more information about you if you use simple bulleted points. 4. If Dissertation? It leads with your education, even though you've been out of school for more than a few years. Generally, your education should go beneath your work experience, because employers are most interested in what work experience you've had. Leading with your education just buries what will make you most attractive to an employer. 5. It doesn't include the dates of employment for university submission, each job you've held. Employers want to tell, know how long you were at each job and when. Resumes without clear dates are an immediate red flag that make hiring managers suspect you're hiding something. Dream? 6. It wastes space on things that are irrelevant, like descriptions of your employer's business.

Some candidates devote two to three lines per job to describing the employer itself—its size and the nature of its business. Hiring managers might want that information when you move to published, the interview stage, but your resume isn't the place for institute essay, it. Your resume should focus on you and you alone. 7. If Dissertation? It's not specific. Employers want concrete specifics. Education Dream? It's not enough to published unpublished, say that you revitalized a department or publicized a program. What exactly did you do and what did it result in? 8. It includes everything you've ever done, rather than just the highlights.

The longer your resume is, the less likely an resume employer is to see the tell if dissertation unpublished parts you want them to see. The initial scan of your resume is about 20 seconds—do you want that divided among three pages, or do you want it focused on the most important things you want to convey? Short and concise means that employers are more likely to read the parts you most care about. 9. Bronchitis Research? It includes irrelevant details, such as your age or your children's names . Published Unpublished? Yes, people really do this. Employers don't care about these details, and including them will come across as naive and essay conclusion unprofessional.

10. It describes you in subjective terms. Your resume is for tell if dissertation published, experience and accomplishments only. It's not the place for subjective traits, like great leadership skills, strong writer, or creative innovator. Hiring managers generally ignore anything subjective that an applicant writes about herself, because so many people's self-assessments are wildly inaccurate; they're looking for provable facts. If you have those traits, list the pizza essay accomplishments that demonstrate them instead. Alison Green writes the popular Ask a Manager blog, where she dispenses advice on career, job search, and tell if dissertation unpublished management issues. She's also the language as level co-author of Managing to Change the World: The Nonprofit Manager's Guide to Getting Results, and former chief of staff of a successful nonprofit organization, where she oversaw day-to-day staff management, hiring, firing, and employee development. How to Start an Informal Mentorship.

If your company doesn#39;t have a formal mentorship program, there#39;s no reason you can#39;t create your own! Ask key questions during your interview to get a sense of how you#39;ll fit in. Didn't Get Hired? Don't Take It Personally. You can control a lot about how well you do in your job search … but not everything. Tell If Dissertation Published Unpublished? Everything You Ever Wondered About Negotiating Salary, Answered. How much should you ask for? What if they pull your offer? We#39;ve got answers to institute essay, all your trickiest salary questions.

4 Steps to a Successful Job Application. Tell Published Unpublished? If you meet the qualifications, how can you put your best foot forward? 8 Things You Should Never Do at essay, a Job Interview. If Dissertation Unpublished? Don’t make these mistakes during your next interview. 5 Things to as level, Remember When You Don't Get the Job. How to use rejection to your own advantage. Here's what you need to know about what to wear, how to if dissertation published unpublished, prepare and education american dream essay what to say in a job interview. What to Do When You Disagree With Your Boss's Feedback. If Dissertation Published Unpublished? Try to understand their perspective, and don't get defensive. Job Postings Alone Rarely Lead to Jobs. Older job seekers cannot rely only on postings to get the of rights position they want.

Our expert contributors give their best advice on answering common interview questions, perfecting job applications, negotiating salary and more. Find savvy job advice from the tell if dissertation published brains behind top careers blogs and websites, including Ask A Manager, Collegial Services, Vicki Salemi, Jobhuntercoach, Career Sherpa, Career Valet, Hallie Crawford, Robin Madell, Chrissy Scivicque and essay conclusion Peter Gudmundsson.

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coding essay comic In the context of technology, accessibility most commonly refers to providing access for tell if dissertation published all people to web environments, including people with disabilities. Designing sites for the way that screen readers, text browsers, and university submission other adaptive technologies interact with the web; choosing contrasting colors for readability; and tell if dissertation published providing alternative text tags for graphics are examples of making web sites more accessible. The National Center on bronchitis Universal Design for Learning website was designed to be compatible with screen readers in order to increase its accessibility . Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) Specialized formats of curricular content that can be used by and with learners who have print disablilities and include: braille, audio, large print, and electronic text. The student, who is visually impaired, relies on several different forms of accessible instructional materials in order to access her printed textbooks. She prefers to use a Braille format in the classroom and an audio format at home. National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials: http://aim.cast.org/

A change in instruction that does not result in a change in the standards or instructional goals for a student. Source: Adapted from: Ysseldyke, J., Thurlow, M., Seyfarth, A., Bielinski, J., Moody, M., Haigh, J. (1999). NCEO Maryland/Kentucky Report 6. National Center on Educational Outcomes. The student will need to use her assistive technology in math class to tell if dissertation unpublished manipulate objects using a touch screen as an accommodation to university thesis instruction . The idea or belief that schools and teachers must take responsibility for measurable student learning. As part of the tell if dissertation published, state's accountability system, all students must take a state-wide English Language Arts and Mathematics assessment. The experience of aqa english language coursework, feeling or emotion.

The teacher was concerned because he noticed a change in the student's affect ; usually she was energetic and lively, and today she appeared disinterested and preoccupied. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Networks in the brain that enable us to tell unpublished engage with learning; networks specialized to evaluate patterns and impact emotional significance to resume them. Image description: This medial view of the tell if dissertation unpublished, brain shows the limbic lobe, site of the affective networks. The limbic lobe includes primitve cortical tissue (stippled area), the fontal lobes, and underlying cortical structures (hippocampus and dentate gyrus, not shown). Preferences for bill of rights institute essay movies, motivation to get up early and go to the gym, and nervous feelings before a big presentation are all everyday examples of your affective network in action. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Federal law that protects persons with disabilities from discrimination in the operations of public businesses and governments. Information and Technical Assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act: http://www.ada.gov/ Refers to a relationship between a novice and an expert in which the expert supports the novice by providing ample opportunities to practice; ongoing, immediate, and relevant feedback; and opportunities to demonstrate skill. When teaching how to draw, the art teacher used an apprenticeship model, giving novice students hands-on experience and the opportunity to learn from more experienced peers.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. Apprenticeships are referred to throughout the tell published, UDL Guidelines. Learners make progress when the task they put their minds to is neither overwhelmingly difficult nor boringly easy. The student found that Lois Lowry's The Giver was written at gpa sample an appropriate level of challenge . She was able to comprehend the dialog and storyline, and she was challenged by a few vocabulary terms that she needed to look up in the dictionary. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Assessment is described as the process of gathering information about a learner’s performance using a variety of methods and materials in order to determine learners’ knowledge, skills, and motivation for the purpose of tell, making informed educational decisions. Within the UDL framework, the resume gpa sample, goal is to improve the tell if dissertation unpublished, accuracy and timeliness of assessments, and to ensure that they are comprehensive and articulate enough to guide instruction – for all learners. This is achieved in part by keen focus on the goal, as distinct from the means, enabling the provision of supports and scaffolds for construct irrelevant items. Essay! By broadening means to accommodate learner variability, UDL assessments reduce or remove barriers to accurate measurement of learner knowledge, skills, and engagement. Assessments can provide teachers with data regarding students' progress and can also inform teachers regarding the tell published, effectiveness of and the american, their instructional techniques.

Devices or services that are used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of tell published unpublished, a student with a disability. Text-to-speech (TtS) software is an assistive technology that reads any digital text aloud. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A general term that refers to any skilled and institute complex behavior that can be performed rather easily with little attention, effort, or conscious awareness; skills become automatic after extended periods of training with practice and tell good instruction. The student's automaticity in reading allows her to have a deeper understanding of dream essay, complex essays since her brain does not have to tell unpublished spend a lot of energy in decoding the text. A graphical image that represents a person, as on the Internet.

Image description: This avatar is resume a digital image of a young girl with ribbons in her hair. Source: Flickr Creative Commons license, image by Mark Wallace. The students created avatars to look like themselves: they had choices in hair, skin, eye color, and even in the types of clothing. Anything that restrains or obstructs progress in fulfilling the task at hand. The student is unable to decode the text of a short story he is assigned for his English class. Even though he understands the language and story structure, he is unable to read for understanding since decoding is a barrier to his learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Barriers are referred to throughout the tell if dissertation unpublished, UDL Guidelines: CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology) A nonprofit research and development organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals, especially those with disabilities, through Universal Design for Learning.

A procedure of breaking up learning materials into manageable sections (e,g., grouping of words in sentences into short meaningful phrases). Source: Adapted from: Casteel, C. (1988). Effects of chunked reading among learning disabled students: An experimental comparison of computer and traditional chunked passages. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 17 (2), 115-21. Image description: In the image to the left, the math items are not chunked; the university thesis, student must complete all 8 items in one sitting. However, in tell published unpublished the image on the right, the items are chunked, and the student is responsible for completing only the first 3 items at one time.

Instead of asking the student to complete the entire chapter in one night, the pizza essay conclusion, teacher and the student worked together to if dissertation published chunk the assignment into more manageable pieces. Location within the bronchitis, UDL Guidelines. Live or animated support provided by tell if dissertation published unpublished an agent to help the performance of a task; aimed at improving the performance of the learner. Image description: Image of a cartoon dog who offers suggestions on bill institute essay organization skills. A coach embedded into a learning environment designed to teach students about states of matter asked students, What is the process of sublimation? Location within the UDL Guidelines. Having to do with the mental processes by which knowledge is acquired. The teacher used several techniques to develop students' cognitive skills during the if dissertation published, lesson.

She asked students to make predictions, ask clarifying questions, and summarize information. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task. As a final project for the unit on education american essay The Revolutionary War, the teacher wanted to focus on collaborative learning . The class was responsible for writing and producing a fifteen minute play that would capture a critical event that took place during the War. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

A visual display that supports comprehension by depicting the relationships between concepts within a learning task. Image description: This concept map illustrates the relationship between the challenges (higher standards and greater diversity) and the opportunities (new brain research in tell individual differences in learning and new technologies for teaching and learning) associated with Universal Design for Learning. In order to chronic bronchitis research papers support students' understanding of the causes of the Civil War, the teacher asked students to create a concept map that depicted the relationship between the various events. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The extent to which test scores are influenced by factors (e.g., mode of presentation or response) that are irrelevant (not related) to the construct that the test is intended to measure. Source: Adapted from: American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education. (1999). Standards for published unpublished educational and psychological testing . Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, p. Resume Gpa Sample! 173. Changing the font size and increasing the sizing of images helped the student to see the published unpublished, math item more clearly; this change was construct irrelevant to the math skills being assessed by the item. Refers to the factors (e.g. Chronic Bronchitis Papers! mode of presentation or response) that are relevant (related) to the construct that the published unpublished, test is intended to measure. Source: Adopted from: Madaus, G., Russell, M. Higgins, J. (2009).

The paradoxes of high stakes testing: How they affect students, their parents, teachers, principals, schools and society . Information Age Publishing, Inc.: Charlotte, NC. The teacher wanted to adapt an assessment item to make it more accessible for his student. However, he realized that identifying the symbols for a math calculation problem is a construct relevant change to the assessment item. The overall plan for instruction, and the materials, methods, and of rights institute assessments to carry out the plan; comprised of unpublished, four main components: 1. Goals and milestones for instruction. 2. Bronchitis! Media and materials to tell if dissertation be used by students. 3. Chronic Papers! Specific instructional methods.

4. Means of assessment to measure student progress. The UDL framework can be applied to all aspects of the curriculum in order to decrease barriers and increase opportunities for learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The ability to sound out letters and words. Since the student was not able to decode the text, he was not able to access the meaning or to fully participate in the class discussion. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An approach to teaching that includes various approaches to published content, process, and product in order to meet the needs of student differences in readiness, interests, and learning needs.

Source: Adapted from: Tomlinson, C. A., (2001). How to differentiate instruction in mixed-ability classrooms . Pizza Conclusion! (2nd Ed.) Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Differentiated Instruction and UDL share the same goal: to maximize learning opportunities for all students. The distinction between the two frameworks lies within the goal; DI focuses on differentiating with a focus at unpublished the student level, whereas UDL focuses on designing flexible curricula with the needs of the broadest range of students in mind from the of rights institute essay, start. Differentiated Instruction and if dissertation published Implications for UDL Implementation: An instructional approach that emphasizes the chronic bronchitis research papers, use of carefully sequenced steps (i.e., scripted lectures or demonstrations) to teach specific academic content; the tell, approach is education and the contrasted with more open-ended approaches, such as hands-on learning or inquiry-based learning. The teacher used a carefully scripted lesson to provide direct instruction on tell unpublished phonics. Differences between students in ability/disability, culture, language, race, background, etc.

UDL gives us a framework for addressing the thesis submission, diversity of the tell, students in our classrooms. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A book, article, or other published material that can be retrieved by pizza and read via an electronic device. Instead of reading the article in if dissertation unpublished the magazine, I obtained the e-text version and had my laptop read it aloud to me while I was on the train. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) The principal federal law affecting public education from kindergarten through high school in the United States. From 2001-2009, the law was known as the No Child Left Behind Act but is again referred to as ESEA in current policy discussions.

A method for measuring knowledge and ability where evaluations are part of the learning activity rather than happening after the fact. The teacher found that one advantage of using technology was embedded assessment ; it allowed her to see student progress within the learning activity rather than just after instruction. A term used to describe students who are in the process of acquiring English language skills and knowledge; some schools refer to these students using the term limited-English-proficient (LEP). The student from Italy was placed with the other ELLs at a beginner level. National Clearinghouse for gpa sample English Language Acquisition http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/ Associated with the prefrontal cortex in the brain, these capabilities allow humans to overcome impulsive, short-term reactions to their environment and to tell published unpublished instead set long-term goals, plan effective strategies for reaching those goals, monitor their progress, and resume gpa sample modify strategies as needed. In order to support the tell unpublished, student's executive functions in an assessment situation, the teacher provided him with a graphic organizer indicating all the items on his test. The graphic also showed the student where he could take a break. This strategy allowed him to monitor his progress as he completed test items. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

An evaluative response about the result of a process or activity. The teacher provided the student with constructive feedback on ways to improve his project on the water cycle. She stated that she was impressed by the visual that he created to depict water's journey, and she suggested that he may also want to include labels for each step. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Curricula designed to be adjustable from the essay, beginning, so it can adapt to the needs of diverse learners without significant add-ons. The teacher found that it was more efficient to create flexible curricula that accounted for all learners from the start rather than modifying preexisting curricula. Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) Special education and related services provided at public expense, under public supervision and if dissertation direction, and without charge mandated by IDEA. Free Appropriate Public Education for Students With Disabilities: Requirements Under Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of oxford thesis submission, 1973 http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/edlite-FAPE504.html. Assessments given primarily to determine what students have learned in order to plan further instruction during the instructional episode; by contrast, an examination used primarily to document students' achievement at the end of unpublished, a unit or course is considered a summative test.

The teacher's use of formative assessment allowed her to adjust her daily lessons and aqa english coursework instruction in order to maximize just in time learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A student's cognitive performance under ordinary, low-support conditions. Sources: Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in if dissertation published society: The development of gpa sample, higher psychological processes . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Today, the teacher is assessing one of her student's functional knowledge . The student will be provided with the access supports that he typically uses (large print and high contrast materials); however, he will not be provided with scaffolds such as models or prompts. A visual representation of textual information and if dissertation published ideas. Concept maps, story maps, advance organizers, story webs, semantic maps, and cognitive organizers are all commonly used graphic organizers. Image description: This graphic organizer provides a visual way to organize information about of rights essay UDL based around origins, application, implementation, and principles. In order to support his students' writing, the teacher provided graphic organizers to facilitate the organization of their ideas.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. Higher Education Opportunity Act 2008 (HEOA) Reauthorizes the tell if dissertation published, Higher Education Act of 1965 (Pub. Bill! L. No. 89-329), legislation signed into if dissertation published United States law on November 8, 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society domestic agenda.

The law was intended “to strengthen the educational resources of as level coursework, our colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education.” The 2008 reauthorization established the first statutory definition for universal design for learning. This definition incorporates the three principles of UDL--representation, expression, and engagement--and emphasizes reducing barriers with appropriate supports and challenges built into instruction. Location within the National Center on UDL Website. A piece of text or a graphic within an electronic document that provides access to content within another document or website. Image description: All of the underlined terms on this page, such as coyotes and if dissertation published unpublished vocalization, are hyperlinks that bring the reader to a glossary, which provides a definition for the reader. While searching the web, the student clicked on a hyperlinked word, and aqa english as level coursework a new window with a definition of the word. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) A federal law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation, IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and published unpublished youth with disabilities. Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004 http://idea.ed.gov/ A student-centered and teacher-guided instructional approach that engages students in investigating real world questions that they choose within a broad thematic framework; students acquire and analyze information, develop and support propositions, provide solutions, and design technology and arts products that demonstrate their thinking and make their learning visible.

Source: Adapted from: http://www.neiu.edu/ As part of the inquiry-based instructional unit on green energy, students were responsible for collecting information about the school's energy efficiency, developing at of rights institute essay least three recommendations, and presenting these recommendations to the school board. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Inquiry Based Science: What does it look like? Materials that teachers use to teach and unpublished students use to learn (for example, printed text, digitized text, speech, images). When individual forms of instructional media (text, video, audio) are combined to represent information in multiple ways they are called multimedia.

For the unit on the Civil Rights Movement, the social studies teacher included a range of instructional media : video clips, the era's most popular songs, primary source documents, and a slide show of photographs. Lessons that integrate math, science, language arts, and/or other subject areas in the process of teaching and oxford university thesis submission learning about tell if dissertation a specific topic. The 3rd grade team worked together to design an essay integrated unit on the ocean that incorporated content in marine biology, geography, ecology, history, mathematics, and literature. Subject matter benchmarks used to unpublished measure students' academic achievement; guidelines published by professional organizations or enacted by government specifying what is to be taught and pizza learned. As educators design lesson plans, they often take into account the tell unpublished, district, state or national learning standards to help determine what knowledge the student should be able to bronchitis demonstrate. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Refers to the IDEA’s mandate that schools educate students with disabilities in integrated settings, alongside students with and without disabilities, to the maximum extent appropriate.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) FAPE. An effective way to allow a reader to focus on the more relevant information of the text; done by covering up unnecessary text as well as hiding other distractions. The teacher encouraged some of if dissertation, her students to place a piece of paper under the line of text that they were reading. Aqa English Language Coursework! This strategy allowed the students to focus on one line of text at a time and masked the other text on the page. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Feedback that emphasizes the if dissertation, role of effort and practice rather than “intelligence” or inherent “ability.”

Source: Adapted from: Kamins, M. L., Dweck, C. S. (1999). Education And The American Essay! Person versus process praise and criticism: Implications for contingent self-worth and coping. Tell If Dissertation Published Unpublished! Developmental Psychology, 35 (3), 835-847. The teacher used mastery-oriented feedback to notify one student in her reading group how he was doing. Rather than telling him he was very smart, she commented on how he was working hard at answering in complete sentences. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Materials are usually seen as the essay, media used to present learning content and what the tell, learner uses to demonstrate knowledge. Within the resume, UDL framework, the hallmark of materials is if dissertation published their variability and flexibility. For conveying conceptual knowledge, UDL materials offer multiple media and embedded, just-in-time supports such as hyperlinked glossaries, background information, and on-screen coaching.

For strategic learning and expression of knowledge, UDL materials offer tools and supports needed to access, analyze, organize, synthesize, and demonstrate understanding in varied ways. For engaging with learning, UDL materials offer alternative pathways to success including choice of content where appropriate, varied levels of support and education and the dream challenge, and options for recruiting and sustaining interest and motivation. In order to tell unpublished develop students' ability to manage information, the English teacher created a checklist of the materials that they were responsible for papers bring to class each day: grammar textbook, ELA textbook, and their writing manuals. The ability to access, analyze, evaluate and if dissertation published unpublished create media in a variety of forms. As an ongoing theme throughout the school year, the teacher worked to develop students' media literacy . Pizza! She used an array of formats to present content, and she varied the media with which students could use to express their learning. Something inherent to the mode of unpublished, presentation that is immaterial that obstructs or impedes access to and or use. The small font size of the american dream, student's copy of The Call of the Wild presented a media-specific barrier since the student could not clearly see the words on each page. An expert who acts as a kind of guide or coach to a novice who is learning a new skill. The school created a Reading Buddies program where sixth grade students act as mentors to first grade students during reading time. Location within the UDL Guidelines.

Resources for Teacher Leadership: Mentoring and Coaching. The ability to be self-reflective or aware of one's own progress as a learner. At the end of the school year, the teacher asked students to tell if dissertation unpublished reflect about their learning over the course of the year in as level coursework their journals as a way to develop meta-awareness . The process of thinking about tell if dissertation published unpublished thinking. For example, good readers use metacognition before reading when they clarify their purpose for reading and preview the text. In an effort to develop students' metacognition , the teacher asked students to describe, in their own words, the resume gpa sample, purpose of the assignment. Methods are generally defined as the instructional decisions, approaches, procedures, or routines that expert teachers use to accelerate or enhance learning. Expert teachers apply evidence-based methods and differentiate those methods according to the goal of instruction. UDL curricula facilitate further differentiation of methods, based on learner variability in the context of the task, learner’s social/emotional resources, and the classroom climate.

Flexible and if dissertation unpublished varied, UDL methods are adjusted based on papers continual monitoring of learner progress. The teacher decided to try a creative method in this math class. He sang a song about fractions as a way to introduce this concept to his students. Having to do with memory. The music teacher introduced a mnemonic device to help her students learn the tell published unpublished, lines of the treble staff - EGBDF: Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge. Location within the oxford, UDL Guidelines. A category of function; for example, vision, hearing, and touch are different sensory modalities.

In order to incorporate a range of modalities in the lesson on the life cycle of plants, the teachers encouraged students to touch, smell, and feel the different seeds that were on the table. Learning Modalities: Pathways to Effective Learning. 1. To show or demonstrate. If Dissertation! A teacher may clarify to students what is expected by as level coursework performing the behavior as a model of what to do. The purpose of tell published, this form of modeling is gpa sample clear communication. 2. To practice what you preach. In regular practice and behavior, the if dissertation published, teacher is a model of thoroughness, or self-evaluation, or courtesy, or whatever else is dream essay expected of students. Source: Saphier, J., Gower, R. (1997). The skillful teacher: Building your teaching skills . Acton, Massachusetts: Research fro Better Teaching, Inc. (p. 298). In order to demonstrate proper technique, the tell if dissertation published, teacher modeled to students how to begin to dissect the frog.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. When a curriculum modification is made, either the conclusion, specific subject matter is altered, or the performance level expected of the student is changed; a curriculum modification is tell unpublished made when a student is of rights essay either taught something different from the tell if dissertation, rest of the class or taught the aqa english language, same information but at a different level of complexity. Source: Nolet, V., McLaughlin, M. J. (2005). Accessing the general curriculum: Including students with disabilities in tell if dissertation published standards-based reform . CA: Corwin Press, Inc. (p. 87)

The student's IEP team decided to make a modification to the unit on Mark Twain's Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Pizza Essay Conclusion! Instead of reading the tell if dissertation unpublished, original work, the student would read an university thesis submission abridged version written at if dissertation published his individual reading level. Having more than one form of sensation, such as vision or touch. The teacher took a multi-modal approach to the lesson on pizza essay conclusion magnetism. He began the lesson with a video and tell unpublished then designed an activity where students could touch and interact with real magnets. Combining several media in one presentation; for example a multimedia Web page may combine text, graphics, audio clips, and video.

The student's multimedia presentation on climate change impressed her audience; her peers and her teacher were highly engaged by her use of pizza, graphics, video, and audio clips. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Multiple means of action and expression. The how of learning. Students are different in the ways that they express their knowledge; therefore, it is crucial to allow them to if dissertation published unpublished express verbally, physically, with written text, etc. The teacher used multiple means of action and expression to bronchitis papers assess what students had learned during the unit on the nervous system; students had the tell if dissertation published unpublished, option of creating a diagram, an as level animation, a magazine article, or a poster.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. The why of learning. Students are different in the ways that they will become interested or motivated to if dissertation published learn; therefore, it is essay crucial to unpublished provide multiple ways to engage learners. To ensure that the activity offered multiple means of engagement , student choice was built in as a way to provide students with a sense of autonomy. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The what of learning. Students are different in essay conclusion the ways that they perceive and understand information; therefore, it is crucial to provide different ways of presenting content. The teacher ensured that there were multiple means of representation for each test item. Students could read the item or listen to if dissertation the item using text-to-speech. Images or animation depicted the aqa english coursework, main ideas of the item as well.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. A group of more than 40 national organizations that advocates for the incorporation of UDL in federal, state, and district education policy. Location within the National Center on UDL Website. National Universal Design for Learning Task Force: http://www.advocacyinstitute.org/UDL/ National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) NIMAS refers to a technical standard used to tell if dissertation produce XML-based source files. From these well-structured source files, accessible, student-ready alternate-format versions of textbooks and core materials (e.g., Braille, e-text, Digital Talking Book, large print, etc.) can subsequently be created and distributed to qualified students with print disabilities. NIMAS files are not student-ready versions.

IDEA 2004, P.L. 108-446, establishes the NIMAS as a national standard and as level requires states and local districts to published adopt the NIMAS for providing textbooks and instructional materials to resume students who are blind or print-disabled. Location within the UDL Guidelines. National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials: http://aim.cast.org/ The 2001 re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)-- the principal federal law affecting public education from kindergarten through high school in the United States. Office of Special Education and tell unpublished Rehabilitative Services (OSERS)

An office within the U.S. Department of of rights, Education, OSERS supports programs that help educate children and youth with disabilities, provides for the rehabilitation of youth and adults with disabilities, and supports research to improve the unpublished, lives of individuals with disabilities. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services: Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) A federal agency under the chronic bronchitis, Office of tell if dissertation, Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) dedicated to improving results for infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities ages birth through 21 by providing leadership and financial support to assist states and local districts. Office of Special Education Programs: A student's cognitive performance when provided with support and guidance. Source: Fischer Bidell, 1998; Vygotsky, 1978; Rappolt-Schlichtmann, Tenenbaum, Koepke and Fischer, 2007.

In order to assess the student's optimal knowledge , the student was provided with models and prompts during the activity. Providing choices and flexibility in the manner or in resume gpa sample the way a task or item is approached. The assessment was designed so that students had options in the means for responding to the stimulus by electronic text, illustration, or audio recording. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Providing flexibility in the selection, method, or way a user may respond to a task or item. A student with cognitive disabilities needs alternate access to her assignment. Her teacher has an audio version available as well as a version on published the student's AT.

They will determine which option in the mode for presenting information will work best for her in this assignment. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods. UDL holds that effective pedagogy involves planning instruction to account for all students' needs. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A method for measuring knowledge or ability based on a student's performance on a test or given task. The teacher used performance-based assessments to determine how students were arriving at their answers while performing a task, rather than just assessing after the activity was completed. A systematic collection of a variety of teacher observations and student work, collected over time, that monitor growth of the student's knowledge, skills, and attitudes in aqa english language coursework a specific subject area; can be print based or digital. During a parent-teacher conference, the teacher shared the student's portfolio with the parents in tell unpublished order to and the discuss the student's progress. Includes printed textbooks and related printed core materials that are written and published primarily for use in elementary school and secondary school instruction and are required by a SEA or LEA for use by tell students in bill institute essay a classroom.

Traditional print instructional materials can present barriers to student learning. Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of unpublished, tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question. As part of their project-based learning unit in geometry, teams of conclusion, students worked together to envision and design a state-of-the-art athletic complex for their high school in if dissertation published unpublished the year 2025. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A scientifically based practice that is used to bronchitis papers assess what students have learned and to evaluate the effectiveness of instruction. After using progress monitoring , the teacher was able to see that his lessons were not reaching all of his students. Based on tell if dissertation these results, he was able to change his instructional approach. National Center on Student Progress Monitoring: http://www.studentprogress.org/ A cue that provides assistance or guide an language as level action during a learning task. Image description: There are embedded prompts in this online environment to tell published encourage students to stop and think.

This question prompts students to make a prediction. While listening to Mozart's Symphony 40 in G Minor, the music teacher prompted students to reflect on the type of mood Mozart was trying to create through his use of tempo and various instruments. Location within the UDL Guidelines. An instructional activity that takes place in the form of a dialogue between teachers and and the american dream students regarding segments of tell if dissertation, text. The dialogue is structured by oxford university the use of four strategies: summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting. The teacher and students take turns assuming the role of teacher in leading this dialogue. Source: Palincsar, A.S. (1986). Tell If Dissertation! Reciprocal teaching. In Teaching reading as thinking. Oak Brook, IL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory.

As part of her reciprocal teaching approach, the teacher facilitated a discussion among her students as to what they thought was going to happen to the main character in bronchitis the next chapter. Networks in the brain that enable us to tell published identify and understand information, ideas, and concepts; networks specialized to sense and conclusion assign meaning to if dissertation patterns we see, hear, taste, touch, and smell. Image description: This schematic drawing of the lateral surface of the human brain shows the regions primarily responsible for institute recognition. Identifying the smell of freshly cut grass and recognizing a familiar voice over the phone are everyday examples of your recognition network in action. Integrates assessment and intervention within a multi-level prevention system to maximize student achievement and to reduce behavior problems. RTI and UDL are two educational approaches that recognize the fact that learners may struggle as a result of poor instructional design and not as a result of a disbaility. National Center on Response to Intervention: http://www.rti4success.org/ Response-to-Instruction and Universal Design for Learning: How Might They Intersect in the General Education Classroom?: http://www.k8accesscenter.org/training_resources/RTIandUDL.asp. A tool that supports authentic assessment by delineating specific performance criteria arranged in levels to indicate to what degree a standard has been reached; can be integrated into the ongoing learning process to help students and teachers evaluate progress and make adjustments. Image description: This is a rubric used to judge submissions by teachers of published, what UDL means to them. Bill Of Rights Institute Essay! All submissions are judged by four criteria: understanding of UDL, clarity of message, creativity, and artistry.

To clarify the assignment, the teacher created a rubric to if dissertation published unpublished show students exactly what she expected them to do. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Prominence or conspicuousness. In order to increase the salience of the day's lesson, the teacher reviewed the goal with the class and wrote it on the whiteboard. Location within the UDL Guidelines. n. A temporary assistive component of an instructional material or method that helps a learner complete the education american, learning task successfully, intended to tell if dissertation unpublished be removed when mastery is attained. v. The act of thesis submission, providing temporary assistance in a way designed to let the learner progress. Image description: The training wheels on this bike are an example of if dissertation, a scaffold. Training wheels help a novice learn how to ride a bike and can be removed once mastery is attained.

The student has difficulty keeping track of information and organizing his thoughts. As a scaffold , the teacher offers the student a graphic organizer to help him manage information. As the student's executive function skills develop, he may generate his own graphic organizer or he may eventually find the essay conclusion, scaffold unnecessary. Location within the if dissertation published unpublished, UDL Guidelines. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. A federal law that requires a school district to provide a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to and the dream each child with a disability in tell if dissertation unpublished the district's jurisdiction. People's beliefs about their capabilities to produce effects. Source: Bandura, A. (1994).

Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of of rights, human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. Students' self-efficacy beliefs are influenced by unpublished the feedback that they receive from parents, teachers, and peers. To keep track of, or obtain an intermittent awareness of, how one is doing relative to one's purpose.

The teacher encouraged self-monitoring by giving her students charts to keep track of their individual goals. Location within the UDL Guidelines. To strategically modulate one’s emotional reactions or states in order to cope or engage with the oxford university thesis, environment more effectively. The student kept a simple drawing of a thermometer on his desk as a self-regulation mechanism. If Dissertation Published! He simply filled in a line each time he completed a task, so he could see how close he was to pizza reaching his goal for the day. Location within the if dissertation unpublished, UDL Guidelines. Of or relating to meaning, especially the meaning of language.

Realizing their discrepancy was merely a matter of semantics , they began using the same words to make their future discussions easier. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A strategy for graphically representing concepts; as a strategy, semantic maps involve expanding a student's vocabulary by encouraging new links to familiar concepts; instructionally, semantic maps can be used as a pre-reading activity for charting what is known about essay a concept, theme, or individual word; they can also be used during reading as a way to tell if dissertation published unpublished assimilate new information learned from the text. Image description: This semantic map graphically represents that different concepts that users can explore on the National Center on UDL website. The teacher used semantic maps to improve his students' word knowledge by making the connections between related words salient. To emphasize or make information prominent as they appear in a sequence by differentiated use of color, lighting, sound, or tactile surface. Image description: The sequential highlighting in this online environment highlights the paragraph in yellow and highlights each word as it is read in blue. A student uses sequential highlighting with text-to-speech, and the computer highlights each word as it is read aloud to her. Hearing and seeing the bronchitis, word at the same time supports the student's comprehension of the text. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Checkpoint 3.3: Options that guide information processing.

A specific criteria for what students are expected to learn and tell be able to do. As teams of bill of rights institute essay, teachers prepare plans for instruction, they often take into account the district, state or national standards , to help determine what knowledge the student should be able to demonstrate. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Assessments intended to if dissertation represent systematically described content and achievement standards. After viewing the results on the standards-based assessment , the principle decided that the school needed to re-evaluate how they instructed students with disabilities. Networks in and the the brain that enable us to plan, execute, and self-monitor actions and skills; networks specialized to generate and if dissertation oversee mental and motor patterns. Image description: This schematic drawing of the lateral surface of the human brain shows the regions primarily responsible for strategy. Cooking a meal, planning a vacation, and driving a car are all everyday examples of your strategic network in resume action. A type of test intended to evaluate and document what students have learned; the tell if dissertation unpublished, term is used to distinguish such tests from formative tests, which are used primarily to diagnose what students have learned in of rights institute essay order to plan further instruction. After the unit on tell published unpublished Gary Paulsen's Hatchet , the gpa sample, teacher assigned students a project as a summative assessment to tell if dissertation published evaluate what they had learned.

Means to help students overcome deficits in the learning medium that prevent them from accessing or interacting with the content; supports need not necessarily be removed. The student has a vivid imagination and can create exceptional stories; however, her handwriting is illegible. As a support , she uses a classroom computer or her home laptop to express her ideas. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The rules governing how words are combined into sentences. The teacher used the Noam Chomsky line from essay, Syntactic Structures , Colorless green ideas sleep furiously as an example of the importance of syntax . Location within the UDL Guidelines. Images that are designed to be touched rather than looked at. When information in a print graphic is important to published unpublished a tactual reader, a tactile graphic may be developed.

The concept and pizza essay conclusion content of the graphic are represented by a set of tactile symbols selected to be easily read and understood. Image description: The raised graphic of the otter on the left hand side of the sign is an example of a tactile graphic. Source: Flickr Creative Commons license, image by William Ng. While at a field trip to the zoo, the teacher was relieved to find that the unpublished, signs displaying information about the various animals included tactile graphics. These signs allowed her students with visual impairments to access information along with the rest of their peers. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A model for the form of pizza essay conclusion, something, into which content can be added; can scaffold a process or content, and tell if dissertation unpublished can help students organize and research papers self monitor. Image description: This template was created to access students' prior knowledge about an published animal by pointing them to relevant questions. In order to scaffold students' prior knowledge about a specific animal, the teacher created a template that had spaces to enter the animal name, what the oxford thesis submission, animal eats, where the animal lives, etc.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. The combination of text appearing on the computer display together with the computer speaking that text aloud with a digitized or synthesized voice. Even through decoding was a challenge for tell the student, Text-to-Speech allowed her to access the content because she could hear the words read aloud. Location within the institute, UDL Guidelines. Project Meet: Using Text-to-Speech Technology Resource Guide: A method of using tactual sensory options to if dissertation access the bill institute, information as typically available visually, auditorially or kinestheticly. Source: Adapted from: Turp, M. If Dissertation Unpublished! (2000). Touch, enjoyment and health: In adult life. European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counselling, and Health, 3 (1), 61. In an art class, touch equivalents were placed on an image to help students with visual impairments focus on bill of rights essay lines of perspective.

Location within the UDL Guidelines. Occurs when learning in one context enhances (positive transfer) or undermines (negative transfer) a related performance in another context. Source: Perkins, D. Unpublished! N., Salomon, G. (1988). Teaching for transfer. Pizza Essay Conclusion! Educational Leadership, 46 (1), 22-32.

To encourage transfer , the teacher always made sure to discuss the information he was teaching across different contexts. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Specific recommendations that further articulate each of the nine UDL Guidelines. Image description: The three bullets that you see under Guideline 1: Provide options for perception are called checkpoints and help to further articulate the guideline. It is not necessary to implement every checkpoint in order to practice UDL. The UDL Guidelines and UDL Checkpoints should be applied according to the goals and tell if dissertation objectives of of rights institute essay, each lesson. Location within the UDL Guidelines. Developed in response to unpublished the call from stakeholders in the education field to make the application of UDL principles and practices more concrete. The nine UDL Guidelines are organized according to the three main principles of UDL that address representation, expression, and engagement.

They are not meant to be a “prescription” but a set of of rights essay, strategies that can be employed to overcome the barriers inherent in most existing curricula. Image description: This graphic organizer displays the nine UDL Guidelines and the corresponding thirty-one checkpoints. The graphic organizer is color coded according to the three principles of tell if dissertation published unpublished, UDL: pink for Multiple Means of Representation, blue for Multiple Means of Action and Expression, and green for Multiple Means of Engagement. The teacher used the UDL Guidelines as a framework for her lesson in order to build in the options and the flexibility necessary to maximize all students' learning. Location within the UDL Guidelines. The design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. The origin of UDL began with the and the american dream, Universal Design movement. Tell If Dissertation! CAST has worked to gpa sample apply the concept of UD beyond access and focus on learning. With a UDL framework, curricula is designed from the start with the broadest range of learners in tell if dissertation published unpublished mind.

Location within the resume gpa sample, UDL Guidelines. Universal Design for if dissertation published unpublished Learning (UDL) An educational approach with three primary principles: 1. Multiple means of representation, to give diverse learners options for acquiring information and essay knowledge. 2. Multiple means of action and expression, to provide learners options for demonstrating what they know. 3. Multiple means of engagement, to tap into learners' interests, offer appropriate challenges, and increase motivation. The teacher decided to develop her curriculum with UDL principles in mind, because she understood the importance of planning for learners' diversity prior to instruction. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A particular type of web site that allows collaborative authoring and if dissertation published unpublished editing of the content of that web site. Before beginning their new physics project, the education american dream, teacher set up a wiki because he knew that the project would require collaboration between students.

The ability to if dissertation unpublished store and manage information in one's mind for a short period of time; in language as level coursework one test of working memory a person listens to random numbers and then repeats them; the average adult can hold seven numbers in their working memory; working memory is sometimes called Short-term memory. The student's weakness in published working memory made reading difficult because she could not always recall what she had just read. Location within the UDL Guidelines. A term coined by psychologist Lev Vygotsky to mean the range of challenge in of rights essay which a learner can progress because the task is neither too hard nor too easy. When assigning math homework, the teacher considered each student's individual ZPD to make sure they all had the appropriate level of tell if dissertation published unpublished, challenge and support.

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